All assignments and self-evaluation rubrics must be included in the comprehensive binder.
Pinhole Prints - Negative & Positive
Pinhole photography is lenseless photography. A tiny hole replaces the lens. Light passes through the hole and a latent image is formed in the camera on photographic paper.
Exposures are long, ranging from half a second to several hours. Therefore, the pinhole images are softer-less-sharp than pictures made with a lens.
Making a Negative:
How Do I Make a Positive Image??
As you are reading this months issue of Photography Magazine, you see an advertisement for a camera for only $2.99 plus shipping and handling. Shocked by the price you decide to call and see if the ad is really for a camera. After waiting on hold for several minutes, the salesperson answers the phone and assures you that for $2.99 you will get a real camera. Still stumped by the price, you decide to ask the salesperson what the camera is like. The description the salesperson gives you is the following: a light tight body with a light tight lid, a lens, and a manual shutter. The next question you ask is what materials it is made of. The answer is cardboard with a copper lens. Shocked that anyone would pay $2.99 for cardboard and copper you quickly thank the salesperson and hang up the phone.
Being the inventive person you are, you decide to make your own camera using the same supplies. After searching your basement you find the following materials: cardboard, copper pieces, a needle, glue, black paper, tape, and an exacto blade; and set off to create your own camera.
Remembering that the only requirements that the salesperson mentioned were the following: light, tight body, light tight lid, shutter, and lens. As you begin the project you realize that not only are you saving money, but you believe that your camera will be constructed and decorated uniquely.
Pinhole Camera Grading Rubric
Total points - 40
Pinhole Camera Worksheet
Write a brief explanation for each term on these sheets, refer to class demonstration, class notes, or your text book for answers. Be prepared to answer the questions on a quiz.
1. Camera Obscura-
2. Pinhole Camera-
time (generally speaking)
4. Camera shake-
5. Exposure with bright sun and shade together-
6. Exposure and size of the camera-
7. Moving objects taken with a pinhole-
8. Exposure directly into the sun-
9. "Light leaks" / how do you know if you have them and how to fix them-
10. What does the developer do?
11. What does the stopbath do?
12. What happens in the fixer?
13. Why do we wash prints?
14. What are safe lights?
15. What are fixer spots?
16. Why agitate chemicals when printing?
17. What should you be concerned with in chemicals and skin contact?
18. What do you need to be aware of in chemicals dripping into each other? and how to avoid...?
19. What causes prints to stick together? Prevention?
20. Describe the difference between an overexposed and an underexposed pinhole negative?
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Copyright 2016, Jon Mueller. Professor of Psychology, North Central College, Naperville, IL. Comments, questions or suggestions about this website should be sent to the author, Jon Mueller, at firstname.lastname@example.org.