1. How is prosocial behavior directed towards ingroup members different than such behavior directed towards outgroup members?
2. We also apparently treat individual outgroup members differently than an outgroup as a whole. According to the research from the "Is an outgroup member in need..." article, how does personal contact and task-oriented contact differently relate to prosocial behavior towards individual outgroup members versus outgroups as a whole?
3. Our ol' friend empathy is back. How do the authors of the above article suggest empathy plays a role in explaining these results?