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Prejudice

 

Activities and Exercises new

Examples

 

Multimedia Resources (audio, video, images) new

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Articles, Books, and Book Chapters

= new link as of February 1, 2014

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Activities and Exercises

new Activities for teaching about prejudice and discrimination - Wow. This one's great. Mary Kite and her seminar students, with some additional help, created this extensive set of activities to address the reduction of prejudice and discrimination. They also created several public service announcements which can be found here. And all of these resources are neatly organized and accessible at a website they created here. Thanks for all the work that went into this resource. [added 2/20/14]

new Using Current Directions in Psychological Science - two more excellent sets of ideas from Dave Myers and Nathan DeWall for using a couple recent Current Directions articles in class [added 1/2/14]

Exercises for the Schelling game - A while back I posted a link to an online activity developed by Scott Plous of Understandingprejudice.org based on an essay by Nobel Laureate Thomas Schelling. Brian Garber has developed and is graciously sharing two exercises which use the Schelling activity. Here and here are links which take you to Brian's exercises. You may be able to use them or adapt them for your courses. [added 12/08/12]

"Reducing mental illness stigma in the classroom" - [added 6/11/12]

Language and stereotyping - "The authors describe a demonstration of stereotype use in everyday language that focuses on common phrases reflecting stereotypic beliefs about ethnic groups or nationalities. The exercise encourages students’ discussion of stereotype use. Students read 13 common phrases from the English language and stated whether they had used each phrase and whether the meaning of the phrase is positive or negative. Evaluations of the exercise showed that it is effective for increasing awareness of stereotype usein everyday language. The authors provide suggested topics for class discussion." Some of the phrases include "Chinese fire drill," "Dutch treat," "Excuse my French," and "Indian giver." [added 6/10/12]

The Similarity Project - In one version of this activity, starting in groups of four, students are asked to identify as many similarities as they can between their different groups. Then they join larger and larger groups to see if they can identify even more similarities. [added 12/29/11]

Heterosexual privilege questionnaire - Students can complete this questionnaire to get a sense of some of the less obvious advantages heterosexuals have over homosexuals. You could have a good discussion about the results. This questionnaire could also be used in conjunction with another assignment and related questionnaire I shared a few years ago, which you can see here. [added 12/29/11]

Multicultural teaching: Information and strategies - an extensive set of resources for teaching multicultural topics and issues from the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching at the University of Michigan [added 12/29/11]

Intergroup Monopoly - Richard Harvey was the winner of this year's Social Psychology Network Action Teaching Award with this innovative game. "Intergroup Monopoly is an action teaching game that modifies the classic Monopoly board game to explore the dynamics of group-based inequality. In Intergroup Monopoly, players begin with unequal amounts of money and are given individualized rules that reflect differing degrees of privilege or disadvantage." Read more about it at the above link. [added 4/1/11]

Homelessness - Kristie Campana sent me a link to an interesting and well-designed interactive site where you or your students can role-play a low-income person trying to make it through the month, and avoid homelessness. [added 4/1/11]

Prejudice reduction exercise - Tim Lawson, Tracy McDonough, and James Bodle published an article in the latest issue of Teaching of Psychology describing a Prejudice Log Assignment that leads to an in-class Prejudice Reduction Exercise. Tim has graciously permitted me to share the assignment, exercise, and materials with you here. The exercise begins on page 3. [added 12/4/10]

Using the IAT in class - Are you concerned that students might have a negative reaction to completing one or more of the Implicit Association Tests found at the above link? To examine this concern, Kathryn Morris and Leslie Ashburn-Nardo reported in the latest issue of Teaching of Psychology that they tested students' affect before, during, and after use of the IAT in their classes. Students "reported more positive than negative affect both immediately after taking the IAT and one week later. They also reported greater awareness of their own and others' implicit racial biases, knowledge of implicit processes, and perceived value of the IAT demonstration." [added 6/19/10]

Increasing or decreasing segregation - Developed by UnderstandingPrejudice.org creator, Scott Plous, and his team, this new interactive, online exercise illustrates how easily segregation can occur, as originally conceived by Nobel Laureate Thomas Schelling. You can display this exercise in class or send your students to it to consider relevant issues. [added 1/13/10]

A variety of activities - some more good ideas from the excellent UnderstandingPrejudice.org site [added 6/23/09]

Michael Richards' outburst: Racist or "ragist"? - Here's an interesting debate you can have in your class regarding the actor Michael Richards' tirade against hecklers in a comedy club that was filled with a lot of racist comments. Columnist Eric Zorn asks: Did Richards' outburst arise from racism, or was it the result of an uncontrollable anger problem? As Zorn suggests, "Maybe the impulse to use those words came not from a desire to express his deepest, hidden views on the inherent comparative value of the races but from a momentary desire to inflict as much pain verbally as he could upon people at whom he was unjustifiably but extremely furious." Is it possible to rattle off a list of racial slurs without a racist intent or without it revealing a deep-seeded prejudice? Here is video of Richards' outburst. [added 1/1/07]

Stereotyping and segregation - an in-class activity "to show how even mild affiliative preferences at the individual level can lead to surprisingly strong patterns of segregation at the group level, without any intentional desire or plan for segregation" -- from Scott Plous' course on The Psychology of Prejudice and Discrimination [added 7/5/06]

"Responding to prejudice: A role-playing exercise" - an in-class activity "to give students an opportunity to try out and evaluate the effectiveness of various responses to prejudiced comments" -- also from Scott Plous' course on The Psychology of Prejudice and Discrimination [added 7/5/06]

"How much do you know about inequality?" - an interactive online quiz [added 7/5/06]

Who has the power in society? Jessica Stahl shared this activity she experienced in a course:

"Here's an activity we did in a multicultural course I took in my doctoral program that is particularly good for conversations about hierarchies:

The instructor split the class into 2 groups--the white students and the non-white students and had each group sit in one line of chairs facing one another. (So, all the white students in one row facing the middle of the room and all the racial minority students in one row facing the middle of the room.) Then she us told that, without speaking, each group had to arrange themselves in terms of descending order of "power" held in society, with the student in each group holding the most power sitting in the chair closest to the board, and the one with the least sitting in the chair closest tot the back of the room. (So, for example, in the white students group, the men ended up at the "top" of the row, followed by the christian women, followed by the jewish/queer women.) Once we all were arranged in chairs we had to discuss our own group's process in arranging ourselves without speaking and what we observed (if anything) in the other group. An interesting phenomenon that we talked about quite a bit as a result of this exercise is that in the white students group, everyone thought they should be seated "higher" than they were, and the opposite occurred in the minority students group. That expanded into a discussion about both identity and values. You could actually do this exercise several diffrent times using different criteria to anchor the scale students are placing themselves in..." [added 2/22/06]

Case study in unintentional racism - Developed by Bob Grossman and Thomas Ford, "this case study is designed to help you explore your attitudes about race and learn about the complexity of the concept of racism." [added 2/22/06]

Bob and Thomas would appreciate feedback from anyone who reads or uses this case study. You can e-mail Bob Grossman at grossman@kzoo.edu and Thomas Ford at thomas.ford@wmich.edu.

Illusory correlations - Excellent PowerPoint demonstration adapted and developed by Marcel Yoder -- You can send students to this link and they can complete the activity, or you can use this as an in-class activity. As Marcel suggests and research has demonstrated, this illusory correlation between distinctive events can also be connected to stereotyping and prejudice. Scott Plous provides a good description of such a link in his overview of prejudice research at the Understanding Prejudice website. [added 1/8/06]

Facing History and Ourselves - Wow! I imagine some of you, particularly high school teachers, are familiar with this site. But I had not spent much time exploring it. There are a lot of good resources here. It is primarily geared to high school teachers, but there are activities, video clips, case studies and more that can be used by any instructor. Click on the Resources link to find some of these tools. For example, after going to the Resources page, click on the link to Online Modules. Some of these you will not be able to access. But the "Choose to Participate" module takes you to three different stories you and your students can investigate. Not in our town "examines how citizens in Billings, Montana came together to combat a series of hate crimes in 1993." Includes a fairly long video excerpt and other related resources. Worth exploring. [added 1/5/06]

Variety of activities - Tolerance.org also provides an excellent collection of activities/lesson plans geared primarily to high school and collegiate levels to teach students to fight hate and promote tolerance. High quality. [added 1/5/06]

Variety of activities - This is an excellent site produced by a class at Ball State University. The page I have linked to "links" to a variety of exercises you can use in or out of class on prejudice, stereotyping and bullying. Unfortunately, the links were not working for me. However, if you put your cursor over the link of a particular activity, such as "KKK Application," which "illustrates how easily people might be lured into joining organizations that promote prejudice and intolerance," the full address of that activity should show up in the bottom-left corner of your screen. You can then type in that address to get to the actual activity. [added 1/5/06]

What is Race? - Here are a few interactive online activities designed to test one's knowledge about race. For example, you can try out "Sorting People," in which you can see if you can tell somebody's race by looking at them. This site accompanies the documentary "Race -- The power of an illusion." [added 1/5/06]

A role-playing exercise - Here is an article from Teaching of Psychology by Scott Plous describing an interesting exercise he has used. As the article notes, scenarios Scott has used for the role-playing are available on request from him. [added 4/8/05]

Geography Game - from Valerie Pruegger, this activity asks students to stand at various points in the room representing where they currently live relative to Calgary, Canada (the classroom's location) which is designated the center of the room. Then, students pick points, relative to Calgary, that represent where they were born, where there parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, etc. were born. Illustrates aspects of immigration, diversity and discrimination. Obviously can be adapted to other locales. [added 4/8/03]

Understanding/assessing prejudice - a few exercises with more to come at UnderstandingPrejudice.org - created by Scott Plous and others as a supplement to Understanding Prejudice and Discrimination, McGraw-Hill [added 12/06/02]

Multimedia Resources (Audio / Video / Images)

Audio


"African-American life in the Jim Crow South" - "It is the largest single collection of Jim Crow-era oral histories in the world: visitors to the site can listen to over 175 hours of recordings. Additionally, there are over 10,000 pages of transcripts from the interviews, which "capture the vivid personalities, poignant personal stories, and behind-the-scenes decision-making" that made up the African American experience in the South during this period." [added 2/20/14]

Some more oral histories from the U.S. civil rights era - [3/29/09]

Studs Terkel interviews - The death of author Studs Terkel has reminded many of his excellent interviews on topics such as race. Hear several here. [added 3/29/09]

Voices on Antisemitism - podcasts from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum [3/29/09]

"How Latino immigration is changing in America" - an American RadioWorks program [3/26/09]

"King's last march" - An audio documentary broken into five parts which describes the last year of Martin Luther King's life. [added 8/14/08]

The authoritarian personality - (1:03:27) Shrink Rap Radio talks with Robert Altemeyer on the authoritarian personality. Or, follow this link and read a book on the subject by Altemeyer freely available online. [added 5/24/08]

"Politician's shocking, anti-gay rant" - (2:48) Follow the link in this article to hear some of this "rant" -- homosexuality is a greater threat to the nation (U.S.) than terrorism. [added 4/28/08]

"Voices from the desegregation era" - [added 4/9/08]

"Hate crime and racism in Russia" - Part I - (17:51) and Part II - (13:15) From The Leonard Lopate show (Parts I and II) -- "Three years ago, the brutal murder of a 9-year old Tajik girl in Saint Petersburg turned international attention to the rise of neo-fascist groups and hate crime in Russia. Since then, the situation has not only gotten worse, it’s also fallen off the mainstream media radar. Attacks are up 28% since 2006, and many observers think the actual number of crimes is even greater. On the first part of Underreported, Leonard will be speaking with Paul LeGendre, Interim Director of the Fighting Discrimination Program at Human Rights First, and Nickolai Butkevich, Research and Advocacy Director at the Union of Councils for Jews in the Former Soviet Union." [added 12/12/07]

"Radio fights Jim Crow" - an audio essay (and slides) about a series of radio programs during World War II that tried to address the deep racial divide in the U.S. [added 7/06/07]

Great African-American speeches - Hear and read the transcripts of a fairly large collection of famous speeches over the past century, from American RadioWorks. [added 1/8/06]

"Voices from the days of slavery: Former slaves tell their stories" - a good collection of audio and photos from the American Memory project [added 4/5/04]

Ghetto Life 101 - (30:16) listen to this radio documentary about the life of two young boys on Chicago's South Side - transcript also available [added 11/07/02]

Video

Race

Names - (3:02) amusing Key and Peele video about the difference between African-American and Caucasian first names [added 2/20/14]

Cheerios' mixed-race family commercial is attacked - (1:56) [added 8/19/13]

"How race in America's classrooms affects achievement" - (45:44) This is an invited address at the 2012 APA convention given by Beverly Daniel Tatum, president of Spelman College. [added 12/07/12]

Anti-stop-and-frisk video - (5:55) Very compelling first-person case of an African-American teenager who says he has been stopped by NYC police 60-70 times [added 9/10/12]

"Prejudice" - (6:44) another great song by Tim Minchin [added 6/27/12]

"Slavery by Another Name" - (1:24:56) Excellent and very troubling PBS documentary describes the little known story of how slavery did not end with the Emancipation Proclamation. It just took another very harrowing form. Full program is available here. [added 6/25/12]

NYPD spies on Muslim students - (2:23) [added 6/25/12]

Jeremy Lin skit - (4:00) This skit from Saturday Night Live highlights how it is "okay" to express some racial stereotypes while others are considered out of bounds.
[added 6/25/12]

"The Interrupters" - (1:54:42) This is a PBS documentary describing how former gang members and perpetrators of violence are trying now to interrupt that cycle. Full program is available here. [added 6/25/12]

Muslim TV show not stereotypical enough - (5:00) Amusing Daily Show clip about people who are protesting the TV show All-American Muslims because it is portraying some Muslims as non-terrorists. Seriously. [added 6/25/12]

Whites in Mississippi seek out and kill first Black person they find - (2:26) [added 1/20/12]

Harassment of Muslim-Americans - (5:52) [added 4/25/11]

Huckleberry Finn and the N-word - (12:27) 60 Minutes had an interesting episode on the controversy about whether schools should use the new version of Huckleberry Finn which excludes the use of the N-word. You can watch the entire episode here. [added 4/25/11]

"Racist" rant from UCLA student - (2:51) This video has made the rounds quite a bit. A student makes a spontaneous video about her experience with Asians in the library. The link above is to the video; here is a link to an article describing her decision to leave the university. [added 4/25/11]

Is Peter King an Islamophobe? - (3:42) U.S. Representative Peter King held hearings on "The Extent of Radicalization in the American Muslim Community and that Community's Response. Do the claims in this video along with the accompanying fact checks indicate bigotry in Peter King?
[added 4/25/11]

Perpetuating stereotypes - (1:23) An open letter from 30 prominent Israeli rabbis' wives urges, among other things, Israeli girls to avoid dating Arabs. [added 4/24/11]

"Muslim-baiting ad" among many this political season - (0:31) [added 12/16/10]

The Daily Show take on the ground zero mosque critics - (6:33) The first link is to The Daily Show video; here is more info on the story. [added 10/3/10]

Race in America - (3:27) Here's a nice montage of clips from The Daily Show on Obama, race, and "my America." [added 7/27/10]

Teachers with accents in Arizona - (2:45) [added 7/27/10]

Immigrants - (1:11) Video courtesy of U.S. Republican Senators [added 7/5/09]

Another version of the Black/White doll test - (5:31) done by ABC News with an accompanying story [added 7/3/09]

Clips from "American Black Journal" - (2:33) This show premiered in Detroit, MI in 1968. [3/29/09]

Some humor about prejudice - (0:48) some good video examples from the blog This Week in Race [3/29/09]

"Who can use the N-word?" - (9:37) This link takes you to part 1 of five videos capturing a debate and discussion about the use of the N-word between a political scientist and a professor of culture and communication. Could be used to prompt discussion in your class. [added 5/24/08]

The secret Black language -- Blanguage - (4:24) amusing video from The Daily Show [added 5/24/08]

Martin Luther King's "I have a dream" speech - (17:29) [added 4/9/08]

Darfur - (1:00:00) The entire Frontline program, "On our watch," is available online. [added 4/9/08]

"A Sunday in Clarkston" - (5:41) interesting story of a church's changing population which led it to adapt [added 4/2/08]

Jesus Colon's dilemma - (3:31) Read about and watch the story of Black and Puerto Rican Jesus Colon who, in the 1950s, encountered a white woman on a subway who was clearly in need of some help. Should he help? What went through his mind? Did he help? I'll let you find out. [added 4/2/08]

Anti-semitism - (42:36) story and recollections of Holocaust survivor Rena Finder, including a brief video [added 12/23/07]

Speech from F. W. de Klerk - "From Apartheid To Democracy" -- a speech from former South African President F. W. de Klerk [added 12/12/07]

Jena 6 - I assume those of you in the U.S. have heard of the case of the Jena 6, the six black students in Jena, Louisiana accused of beating a white student. The first link takes you to a good, detailed overview of the incident and the subsequent controversy. If you want to show a brief news clip about such an event, you can search the video sections of news sites such as ABC or CNN. This link takes you to a number of Jena 6 video clips from such a search at ABC News. This link is to one of the many accompanying stories in which two nooses were found hanging from the back of a pickup truck. [added 11/17/07]

Asian-American experience - (10:24) This video on identity is primarily composed of interviews of Asian-Americans at Columbia College, asking them what it means to be Asian-American. [added 7/8/07]

"Crayola Monologues" - (3:09) Just for fun - a fairly silly video about stereotyping involving crayons [added 7/8/07]

Survivor of Rwandan genocide - (13:00) You can read the transcript and watch the entire 60 Minutes episode about a woman who managed to escape the Rwandan genocide of 1994. She is just now telling her story. [added 12/27/06]

Steppin' - (55:25) I never heard of this "dance style popular today among black fraternities and sororities" -- probably because I teach at a small school. [added 12/27/06]

"A girl like me" - (7:15) I came across this interesting film created by a 17-year old high school student in which she attempts to recreate Kenneth and Mamie Clark's famous studies of black and white dolls which was integral to the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education decision. More to the video as well. [added 12/12/06]

"Dealing with a racist cabbie" - A segment from an ABC's Primetime show in which unsuspecting riders encounter a cab driver who goes off on a racist tirade. The "driver" is a confederate in on the little stunt. How would you respond? Raises ethical questions for the riders and about the show itself. Would this make it through an IRB? [added 7/5/06]

Teenager's film on Holocaust survival - (4:49) By clicking on the first Launch button you see on this page (Movie tells Holocaust horror), you will be able to view the NBC story covering this teenage boy's film about his grandparents talking for the first time about their Holocaust experience. If you scroll down a little and click the Launch button by "Survivors' stories" you can view the entire film he created. [added 9/20/05]

Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive - The archive is in the process of making many films available for viewing online about the Holocaust and other Jewish experiences. More than 100 are available for viewing. [added 7/21/03]

"A Class Divided" - Frontline (PBS) rebroadcast its 1985 episode of the famous story of Jane Elliott, the 3rd grade teacher in rural Iowa, who in the late '60's began an exercise in her class in which she separated her white students into blue-eyed and brown-eyed kids to teach them lessons of discrimination. The entire episode can now be viewed online at this address. It begins with the fascinating original footage in Elliott's 3rd grade classroom and includes follow-up experiences since that time. The episode is broken into five segments online. I love when such material is made available online because I can pick certain clips to show in class or I can send students to view them outside of class. Nothing to put on reserve! [added 7/16/03]

The Two Nations of Black America [added 11/07/02]

Holocaust teaching guide - hundreds of images, videos and other resources

Sexual Orientation

Answering questions about gays - (6:06) In response to India's recent recriminalization of homosexual behavior, an Indian comedian produced this amusing piece about anti-gay beliefs. [added 2/20/14]

French version of the "It gets better" videos for gays struggling with their lives - (1:50) [added 2/20/14]

History of Britain's changing attitudes towards gays since 1950s - (3:31) [added 8/19/13]

Anti-hate video - (1:20) [added 8/19/13]

"Jimmy Kimmel tests the audience's gaydar" - (4:16) [added 8/19/13]

"That's so gay" - (5:30) good commentary on the use of such language [added 8/19/13]

Gay men will marry your girlfriends unless... - (2:32) Humorous video of gay men explaining how they will marry straight men's girlfriends if they don't support same-sex marriage. Here - (3:43) is a response video from straight men: "Go ahead!" [added 12/07/12]

Expedia creates dramatic ad for marriage equality - (3:20) [added 12/07/12]

Best of Stewart and Colbert on gay marriage - (2:24) Here's a good collection of bits from The Daily Show and the Colbert Report on the topic. [added 6/27/12]

Blaming the victim - (5:10) Stephen Colbert, poking fun at some comments, provides an amusing take on this as he advises gays "It's up to you to keep us from discriminating." [added 6/26/12]

NHL players push to reduce homophobia in hockey - (1:01) [added 6/26/12]

LGBT teens put out "like trash" - a story in Miami, FL about LGBT homelessness and rejection at home [added 6/25/12]

"Teen's powerful anti-bullying video" - (4:36) very compelling [added 1/21/12]

Ad for same-sex marriage - (1:56) from Australia [added 1/21/12]

Gay mayoral candidate releases first ad with own child - (0:33) [added 1/21/12]

"It gets better": Stephen Colbert - (2:23) [added 1/20/12]

San Francisco Giants and ItGetsBetter.org - (0:58) The Giants are the first professional sports team to create a video for the It Gets Better Project. The purpose of the project is described this way on the site: "Many LGBT youth can't picture what their lives might be like as openly gay adults. They can't imagine a future for themselves. So let's show them what our lives are like, let's show them what the future may hold in store for them." [added 8/14/11]

Therapy to change "feminine" boy - (8:56) CNN report about a sad but interesting case of a government-funded program to eliminate a boy's feminine behavior [added 8/14/11]

Humorous mockumentary for a gay Canadian rugby team - (3:01) [added 8/14/11]

NHL hockey player's support for marriage equality, and reaction - Sean Avery joined the Campaign for Marriage Equality in New York; read an agent's reaction. A video Avery created for it is included. Also included is a "It gets better" video from a famous rugby player. See more about the It Gets Better project below. [added 8/14/11]

It Gets Better Project - Videos from LGBT individuals letting others know that their lives can get better. "Many LGBT youth can't picture what their lives might be like as openly gay adults. They can't imagine a future for themselves. So let's show them what our lives are like, let's show them what the future may hold in store for them." [added 8/14/11]

Boys Beware (1961) - (10:12) "Anti-homosexual film targeted at teenage boys, urging them to avoid encounters with potential molesters." [added 4/24/11]

Defense of gay marriage - (3:01) "A 19-year-old University of Iowa engineering student defended gay marriage in a rousing testimony in front of the Iowa House of Representatives this week." [added 4/24/11]

High school student "comes out" at school MLK, Jr. assembly - (8:10) very moving testimonial [added 4/24/11]

Inconsistency, contradiction, and prejudice - (5:18) amusing Daily Show clip about John McCain's repeated inconsistent statements on allowing homosexuals in the military that likely reveal and protect a prejudice [added 12/16/10]

"Everything but marriage" in the state of Washington - (5:48) An amusing piece by Stephen Colbert skewering those who are opposed to Washington's passed legislation to give gay and lesbian partners all the rights of a married couple [added 1/15/10]

Bank ad with transgender theme - (1:16) From Argentina, a very sensitive ad -- would it play in your country? [added 7/3/09]

"That's so gay" -- harmless or harmful? - (1:05) This site makes the point that phrases like "that's so gay" are offensive. Watch some very effective commercials illustrating the point. I particularly like the "that's so Emma and Julia" one. [added 7/3/09]

First openly transgender mayor in U.S. - (1:45) see video story [3/29/09]

Snickers runs another "homophobic TV ad" - (0:31) [added 3/22/09]

Twee Vaders - (2:58) A young boy signs a song about having two fathers and some of the discrimination he faces. The song is apparently in Dutch with English subtitles. To our Dutch readers, what is the cultural acceptance of such in a song in your country, if it is from your country? [added 12/27/06]

Assault on Gay America - the five-minute video excerpt from this program is an excellent clip to show in class addressing some of the motivation behind these hate crimes [added 11/07/02]

Gender

"Lewd" video gets Navy captain relieved of duty - [added 4/24/11]

Afghan schoolgirls defy Taliban - After being sprayed with acid on the way to school, Afghan girls speak out and return to school. [3/29/09]

Other Videos

Stereotyping of Iowans - (1:51) Amusing video put out during the Iowa caucases, or is that caucasi? Warning: Some strong language. I know, who thought Iowans talked that way?
[added 6/25/12]

Group biases in primates - (3:40) interesting video of researcher Laurie Santos who discusses outgroup biases in monkeys [added 1/20/12]

Video collection from UnderstandingPrejudice.org - a lot of good brief videos organized by topics
[added 1/20/12]

50 state stereotypes in 2 minutes - (2:03) I don't know what you might do with this, but here it is. If you come up with a good use for it let me know. [added 8/14/11]

"Cult-like" group's suicide scare - (1:37) If members of a cult-like group are missing they must be contemplating mass suicide, right? [added 10/9/10]

Criminalization of the mentally ill - (22:18) Interesting and disturbing story of how the mentally ill end up in prison and how they are treated there [added 10/3/10]

The stigma of mental illness - (1:56) A good, brief video on this stigma -- here (1:26) is another one. [added 7/3/09]

Libraries and autism - (9:43) Videos that try to educate about how individuals with an autism spectrum disorder can best be served in a library.
[added 7/3/09]

Conversation with Banaji and Greenwald on the IAT - (14:13) [added 4/15/08]

The Mormons - The entire four-hour Frontline program on the Mormon religion is available online. [added 4/15/08]

"Not in our Town" - (3:19) Watch a fairly lengthy clip from the documentary about hate crimes in Billings, Montana and how the community responded. Other materials here as well. [added 4/2/08]

Images

New Yorker cover of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling on DOMA - Ernie and Bert enjoy the news of the striking down of the Defense of Marriage Act. [added 8/19/13]

National African American Photographic Archive - [added 8/19/13]

Tulsa race riot of 1921 - a large collection of postcards and photographs [added 1/20/12]

"Images of the anti-slavery movement in Massachusetts" - [added 4/9/08]

Photos from Auschwitz - "Auschwitz through the lens of the SS: Photos of Nazi leadership at the camp" is a collection at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. [added 1/25/08]

Boston African Americana Project - Lots of images of pamphlets, posters, caricatures, illustrations, manuscripts, political cartoons and more related to slavery, the abolition movement, free blacks and other aspects of the life of African Americans from 1770 to 1950, with most of the collection from around 1865 [added 12/27/06]

Stereotyping Native Americans - a set of images and comments from the California Museum of Photography [added 12/27/06]

Photos from the civil rights struggle - a collection of interesting, annotated photos from the civil rights struggle from photojournalist Charles Moore [added 3/20/05]

Images of Native Americans - From the Bancroft Library, this collection contains portrayals of Native Americans by the Europeans, advertising posters and more. [added 2/1/03]

"Suffering Under a Great Injustice" - Here you will find a large collection of Ansel Adams' photographs of Japanese-American internment at Manzanar - perhaps you can incorporate some of these images into a lecture or send students to analyze them in some manner [added 6/6/02]

Racist Obama bumper sticker - [added 6/26/12]

Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia - collection of racist cartoons, images and videos

 

Class Assignments

Projects

Building Cross-Cultural Understanding Through Facebook - This project also won honorable mention for the 2013 Social Psychology Network Action Teaching Award. "This assignment uses social media to give students a chance to have meaningful cross-cultural interactions while learning about social psychology and ways to promote international dialogue, peace, and social justice. In this particular case, a Facebook page was co-developed by psychology classes in Egypt and the United States, and student groups in each class were asked to design a program that would improve relationships between Muslims and non-Muslim Westerners by using what they had learned about (1) the causes of prejudice and intergroup conflict, and (2) methods for reducing prejudice and making peace. After students designed their programs, they discussed them in class and then posted their ideas to the Facebook page for comments by students from the other country. As a result of this cross-cultural exchange, students often reported that they had not only learned about psychology of prejudice reduction but that their own prejudices had been reduced. As one student summed up the experience in her final Facebook post: 'thank you all for teaching so much in such a short period of time! I learned a lot about you and about myself from this project, and I know that the lessons I learned will stay with me for the rest of my life.'" [added 8/19/13]

Make your own IAT - FreeIAT lets you or your students create your Implicit Association Tests. [added 4/01/13]

A public education project on intersecting identities - Kim Case won an honorable mention in the 2012 Social Psychology Network Action Teaching Award competition with this entry: "Intersectionality is a feminist sociological theory that describes how biological, social, and cultural categories such as gender, race, class, ability, and other dimensions of identity interact to create social inequality. In this action teaching assignment, known as the "Intersections of Identity Education Project," students learn about intersectionality and carry out a public education project that teaches others about the ways that intersectionality can lead to social injustice. These projects, which are developed with feedback from community members whose identity they concern, include videos, documentaries, games, workshops, handouts, and other educational materials. Once students have developed these materials and activities, they use them in a public education project and then write a paper connecting their project to course readings, theory, and concepts. The paper also includes feedback from the community and a discussion of what the student learned." [added 6/16/12]

Real world analysis project - From Jennifer Richeson's Stereotyping and Prejudice course: "One of the goals of the course is to encourage students to apply the information learned in the class to important real-world issues. Consequently, a major component of the course involves the analysis of a real-world event and/or issue for which stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination may be relevant. Specifically, you will identify a topic to investigate from real world intergroup events, issues, and/or conflicts for which stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination may be operating. You will be able to choose any issue that you’d like, but you should, however, pick a topic that is meaningful to you, as you will be thinking and writing about it for the entire quarter! Specific issues that might be interesting to consider include, lay beliefs about what is and what is not prejudice, issues underlying support for or opposition to gay marriage, and public policy positions (i.e. attitudes) regarding poverty/homelessness, although there are many other options. You might also choose to examine intergroup tension among racial, gender, age, and/or religious group memberships at Northwestern. I must approve the topic (by e-mail) no later than 5pm on Wednesday January 23. Three course requirements will stem from the Analysis Project: 1) two analysis reports and 2) an in-class presentation, and 3) your final research proposal paper. [added 1/14/12]

Teaching social categorization - A Teaching of Psychology article: "This article details a multi-modal active learning experience to help students understand elements of social categorization. Each student in a group dynamics course observed two groups in conflict and identified examples of in-group bias, double-standard thinking, out-group homogeneity bias, law of small numbers, group attribution error, ultimate attribution error, and moral exclusion. Students individually wrote papers detailing their observations. The author then carefully structured students' small and large group discussions so students could present and compare their findings orally. Pretest–posttest analyses revealed that students had a more complete and accurate understanding of social categorization after participating in this assignment than they did after merely reading the relevant textbook chapter." [added 1/14/12]

The Voices Project - Here is an honorable mention for the Social Psychology Network Action Teaching Award. "In the Voices Project, pairs of students are assigned to interview someone from a group toward which they have a negative attitude or a lack of familiarity (e.g., racial minorities, Muslims, people with AIDS). Students meet with their interviewee three times and focus particular attention on experiences that their interviewee has had being a target of prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination. In addition, students attend a cultural event related to the group they're seeking to understand. Based on these experiences, students then write a five-page autobiography of their interviewee from the first-person perspective. The project concludes by weaving the "voices" in these autobiographies into readable monologues that are performed in an event open to members of the campus and local community, thereby promoting greater intergroup awareness, perspective taking, and empathy beyond the classroom." [added 4/2/11]

Reducing prejudice -- a cultural learning experience - Here is an honorable mention for the Social Psychology Network Action Teaching Award. "This action teaching assignment involves three parts. First, students learn about implicit biases and take an Implicit Association Test that they believe might reveal a personal bias related to race or ethnicity. Second, students challenge their bias by immersing themselves in a cultural setting that allows for interaction with members of the group they have chosen (for example, someone with a bias concerning Asians might attend a Chinese New Year celebration, or someone with a bias concerning Arab Muslims might attend Islamic mosque services). Third, students interview one or two members of the selected group, asking questions such as: (a) "What does it mean to you to be a member of this cultural or ethnic group?" (b) "Have you been personally affected by prejudice and/or racism?" and (c) "What suggestions can you offer to encourage mutual respect among various cultural groups?" At the end of this experience, students submit a report summarizing what they learned and how they'll continue to challenge their biases and learn about different groups in the future." [added 4/2/11]

Two project assignments on immigration - Here is the full issue of Teaching Tolerance from whence the projects came. I don't know if I used it properly, but I like the word whence! [added 4/2/11]

Mass violence and reconciliation in Rwanda and its neighbors - an elaborate and interesting field research study [added 8/1/10]

Observation Task - In Nyla Branscombe's Stereotyping and Prejudice Across Cultures course, students complete a very interesting data gathering task. It is carefully designed so that it is not very difficult for students to conduct, yet provides a good opportunity for students to consider research issues as well as "how social categorization affect nonverbal behavior." [added 11/24/07]

Using Lessons from the Holocaust to Reduce Bullying - The final honorable mention from the 2007 Action Teaching Award was given to Ruth T. Hannon for her creative assignment in her Perspectives of the Holocaust course. From the proposal: "Over the next several class sessions, our college students meet in small groups to design projects to be taken to the middle school. Their task is to use lessons from the Holocaust to teach about the dynamics of prejudice, hate speech, and bullying close to home. For example, our students have spoken about the psychology of conformity and depicted how conformity operates in bullying situations. Middle school students come to see the power of conformity in such situations, and they learn ways to resist being drawn into bullying behaviors. Lively discussions follow and, oftentimes, middle schoolers share stories about bullying they've witnessed." [added 7/7/07]

Journal

Prejudice log assignment - Tim Lawson, Tracy McDonough, and James Bodle published an article in the latest issue of Teaching of Psychology describing a Prejudice Log Assignment that leads to an in-class Prejudice Reduction Exercise. Tim has graciously permitted me to share the assignment, exercise, and materials with you here. [added 12/4/10]

Designing/Conducting Research

Group experiments - Jeff Stone has students in his Social Psychology of Attitudes course and his Honors Seminar on the Science of Prejudice Reduction collaboratively create, conduct, and analyze experiments to persuade or influence people or to reduce prejudice, respectively. Scroll down page to find the Group Research Project. [added 12/4/10]

Designing an experiment in stereotyping and prejudice - Kristin Lane asks her Stereotyping and Prejudice students to design and write up an experiment with a "predicted results" section. Scroll down the above link to the bottom of the syllabus to read the assignment description. [added 7/4/09]

Paper Assignments

Stepping into another group - Kristin Lane asks her Stereotyping and Prejudice students to experience what it would be like as a member of another group for one day. She tells them "For the current assignment, you will spend one day with some outward sign that denotes that you belong to a social group to which you don't actually belong." Students write up their experience in a paper. Scroll down the above link to near the bottom of the syllabus to read the assignment description. [added 7/4/09]

Social identity or hate on the Web - A good assignment from Nyla Branscombe's Stereotyping course -- Students choose between 1) writing about 3 or 4 of their most important identities or 2) analyzing 4 different hate sites on the Web. [added 11/24/07]

Ambivalent Sexism Inventory - Scott Plous has created an assignment around this online activity. [added 1/13/06]

Variety of assignments: Stereotyping and Prejudice course - Sue Frantz requires a variety of interesting assignments in her seminar including a journal, group project, e-mail discussion, and interview of someone 50 years or older. [added 7/1/04]

"Put Yourself in a Minority Situation" - Students are asked to put themselves in a minority situation and write a one-page summary of their experience. From Elizabeth Pinel. [added 2/1/03]

Social Identity Assignment - students answer questions about groups they belong to or identify with - from Michael Schmitt

Persuasion/stereotyping - students choose between applying concepts to recruiting new students or to analyzing a group's stereotype

Examples

Stigma

Stigma from ignorance - A survey found that nearly half of the 12-18 year olds could not name a single mental disorder. [added 3/25/09]

Symbolic Threat

Symbolic threat - another example of claiming that same-sex marriage will undermine the U.S. [added 1/15/12]

Symbolic threat - Utah state senator Chris Buttars said of "the radical gay movement" that "they're probably the greatest threat to America going down I know of." [3/29/09]

Realistic Threat

Immigrants - Video courtesy of U.S. Republican Senators [added 7/5/09]

Racial

Overt racism? - Joe the Plumber [added 2/20/14]

"Shopping while Black"- Like driving while Black, walking while Black, ... [added 2/20/14]

Judge tells Sikh to "remove that rag" - [added 2/20/14]

Stereotype of Arabs/Muslims
Although I'd rather not admit it, I do have a slight prejudice toward Arabs, but not to the extent of pure hatred. It all happened with one vivid experience at the YMCA. I had been warned by a co-worker to keep my eye out for a man with a 6-year-old daughter because he was known to be abusive towards his daughter by making her swim laps in the pool for hours on end without a break. The first time I had laid eyes on this man,who was wearing a turban on his head and sported a small beard, my brain fired off a series of stereotypes. Uh oh, he's a Muslim, which means he's probably dangerous, not friendly, and rude was my initial thought. It didn't even occur to me that this was the man my co-worker warned me about. Rather, it was my stereotype that warned me to stay away because he posed a threat to my physical well-being. From that moment on, I relied on confirming evidence to maintain my stereotype that he was dangerous. Every little thing he did wrong proved to me that he was, in fact, a threat. In fact, one day, when he screamed at me for asking him if he wanted an ID card (he was using his wife's), I actually felt scared he would hit me, especially since I heard it had happened before to a lifeguard. Because of him and recent world events, I developed a slight prejudice towards Arabs. Now, whenever a man who looks like an Arab walks in to use the facility, I try to avoid eye contact and as much interaction as possible due to fear. In fact, apparently I've been told that I've even moved away from the desk whenever I saw him, which I didn't even know I was doing. This example demonstrated several things. First, it illustrated the vividness effect: I never remembered the good behaviors of this man, just the bad ones because they happened to be the most vivid. Second, it showed confirmation bias: I only looked for negative encounters with this man to maintain my stereotypes. Third, it also depicted priming: Encountering this man with his turban and beard triggered negative stereotypes, which resulted in fear and the behavior of slowly walking away. Fourth, the stereotypes I formed were done so in part of automaticity: My brain took in information about this man, but my unconscious processed it and spat out the negative stereotypes I had about Arabs and Muslims.
[added 12/17/12]

Racist symbolism - "Texan lynches invisible Obama." [added 12/17/12]

Stereotyping - Read about the Saudi man who was tackled and interviewed by the police for running away from the Boston Marathon explosions. [added 8/19/13]

Stereotyping - Former governor Mike Huckabee offers a song portraying those living in the Middle East in stereotypic and derogatory terms. [added 12/17/12]

Stigmatizing Muslims in America - Columnist Glenn Greenwald provides good evidence of a second tier treatment of Muslims in the U.S. justice system, and surprisingly little objection to it. Here is another article about it. [added 6/20/12]

Victim-blaming - Geraldo Rivera blames the hoodie, in part, for Trayvon Martin's death. [added 6/18/12]

Racial stereotypes in sports - Yes, I am required by law to mention "Linsanity" at least once in this issue. [added 6/18/12]

Use of language - More Linsanity: When Jeremy Lin, the Chinese-American who burst on the professional basketball scene lately, finally lost a game, ESPN used the headline "A chink in the armor." [added 6/18/12]

Playing to caricatures - This political ad from Pete Hoekstra perpetuates a number of stereotypes of Chinese people and culture. The actress who played the woman in the ad has apologized for her role in it. [added 6/18/12]

Anti-Arab/Muslim propaganda - very disturbing cartoon in the New York Post [added 6/18/12]

Modern racism - Gingrich: "Most of the Asians, some Latinos, but not many African Americans understand entrepreneurship." [added 6/18/12]

Institutional racism - "Tennessee tea party 'demands' that references to slavery be removed from history textbooks." [added 6/18/12]


Racial profiling - "A black Milwaukee driver is seven times as likely to be stopped by city police as a white resident driver, a Journal Sentinel analysis of nearly 46,000 traffic stops has found." [added 1/15/12]

Institutional prejudice - "FBI teaches agents: 'Mainstream' Muslims are 'violent, radical.'" [added 1/15/12]

Institutional racism - "Three men hanged for gay sex in Iran" [added 1/15/12]

Institutional racism - Apparently, the FBI has been teaching its agents "that 'main stream' [sic] American Muslims are likely to be terrorist sympathizers; that the Prophet Mohammed was a 'cult leader'; and that the Islamic practice of giving charity is no more than a funding mechanism for combat. At the Bureau’s training ground in Quantico, Virginia, agents are shown a chart contending that the more 'devout' a Muslim, the more likely he is to be 'violent.' Those destructive tendencies cannot be reversed, an FBI instructional presentation adds: 'Any war against non-believers is justified' under Muslim law; a 'moderating process cannot happen if the Koran continues to be regarded as the unalterable word of Allah.'" Here is an article about the types of reading material found in the F.B.I. library. [added 1/15/12]

Institutional racism - "A Pennsylvania school district has decided not to stage a Tony Award-winning musical about a Muslim street poet after community members complained about the timing so soon after the 10th anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks. The Richland School District in Johnstown had planned to stage 'Kismet' in February, but Superintendent Thomas Fleming said Tuesday that it was scrapped to avoid controversy." [added 1/15/12]

Stereotyping - "Brown-skinned lady sits next to two Indian men on plane, gets strip-searched and detained for ‘suspicious activity.’" [added 1/15/12]

Increasing tolerance and acceptance - "Four and a half months ago, Rick Welts, then the president and CEO of the NBA’s Phoenix Suns, became the first openly gay senior executive in American professional sports." [added 1/15/12]

Stereotypes in the media - "Nivea apologizes for controversial ad in Esquire." [added 1/15/12]

Institutional racism - A Black student with the highest GPA was not allowed to be sole valedictorian at her high school because, allegedly, it would create a "big mess." A White student was appointed a co-valedictorian. [added 1/15/12]

Blacks are lazy - according to Oklahoma state representative Sally Kern [added 8/15/11]

Minorities should accept superiority of majority/group in power - Bryan Fisher of the American Family Association: "It's arresting to think of how different the history of the American settlement and expansion could have been if the other indigenous peoples had followed Pocahonta's example, Fischer wrote in his Feb. 15 post. She not only recognized the superiority of the God whom the colonists worshipped over the gods of her native people, she recognized the superiority (not the perfection) of their culture and adopted its patterns and language as her own. In other words, she both converted and assimilated. Had the other indigenous people followed her example, their assimilation into what became America could have been seamless and bloodless. Sadly, it was not to be. [4/9/11]

Marginalizing minorities - Tea partiers in Tennessee presented legislators with a variety of demands. "Regarding education, the material they distributed said, Neglect and outright ill will have distorted the teaching of the history and character of the United States. We seek to compel the teaching of students in Tennessee the truth regarding the history of our nation and the nature of its government....The material calls for lawmakers to amend state laws governing school curriculums, and for textbook selection criteria to say that 'No portrayal of minority experience in the history which actually occurred shall obscure the experience or contributions of the Founding Fathers, or the majority of citizens, including those who reached positions of leadership.'" [4/9/11]

Overt racism - County judge displays a racially offensive poster. Read the story and see the poster here. [added 1/13/10]

Overt racism - Perhaps the most infamous case over the summer here in the U.S. was of these Black kids turned away at a private swim club. [added 1/13/10]

Racism through humor - This was sent via email by a staff member of a state politician. [added 7/5/09]

Overt and subtle racism - This blog entry contains lots of examples of subtle and not-so-subtle expressions of racism towards Obama. [3/26/09]

Categorization and association - "Amazon lists Obama Halloween mask as a 'terrorist costume'" [3/26/09]


Institutional racism - This is a nice essay on the origins of Memorial Day and how the roles of Blacks in developing that day were almost erased from history. [added 8/17/11]

Institutional racism - This blog entry describes how South Carolina is trying to institutionalize its Islamophobia through a law to ban the practice of Sharia. [added 8/17/11]

Institutional support - Article: "Facebook apologizes for censoring gay kiss photo." [added 8/15/11]

Institutional racism - Possible systemic discrimination in the teaching profession [1/15/10]

Institutional support - "This story reports on an extraordinary 2004 article by a Harvard lecturer and former Chief of Neuropsychiatry at Guantanamo Bay, which made the shocking claim that "hard-core zealots" had "brains that are structurally and functionally different from us." Furthermore, the article stated, 100,000 "zealots" within the Muslim body politic would have to be eliminated, the way "malignant [cancer] cells" are removed from a healthy body." [added 1/14/10]

Justifying inequalities - "Right-wing hate group blames immigrants for increasing greenhouse emissions"
[added 9/20/08]

In our language - For "normal to darker skin" says this body lotion -- and "normal" is ....? [added 9/20/08]

Use of code words for racial prejudice - a very disturbing column [added 6/3/08]

Racial disparities in emergency room pain relief - [added 4/4/08]

Stereotyping - Robert Novak says that Barack Obama is not a "stereotype African-American." So, who is, Bob?
[added 4/4/08]

Institutional racism - Blog about English-only legislation [added 12/26/07]

Institutional racism - "Black Americans are 10 times more likely to be imprisoned for illegal drug offenses than whites, even though both groups use and sell drugs at the same rate, according to a study released on Tuesday." [added 12/26/07]

Anti-semitism - story and recollections of Holocaust survivor Rena Finder, including a brief video [added 12/23/07]

Divide and conquer - An interesting blog commenting on a decision in which "Cherokee nation members voted overwhelmingly in March to purge some 2,800 blacks of tribal membership." The bloggers discuss it as an example of minority groups competing against one another to the benefit of the dominant group. [added 11/29/07]

Realistic and symbolic threat - good example of how some view illegal immigrants as both a threat to resources (realistic threat) and to core values and beliefs (symbolic threat) [added 7/19/07]

Irrational fear - Watch TV commentator Lou Dobbs being challenged on his false claim that the invasion of illegal immigrants is linked to an explosion in leprosy. [added 7/19/07]

Here is a humorous video on this from The Daily Show. [added 7/19/07]

Language maintains/reinforces prejudice - In this case, gender stereotypes [added 4/3/13]

Language/institutional support - "The City Council on Wednesday approved a resolution urging New Yorkers tostop using the n-word, joining a nationwide movement seeking to reject the notion that the racial slur can be redefined and reclaimed." [added 7/8/07]

Racial prejudice in the U.S. Congress - an editorial about the comments made by a U.S. congressman about the first Muslim-American member of Congress [added 7/6/07]

The power of the symbols - Read a commentary about a town in Nevada that "makes it illegal to fly a foreign (read: Mexican) flag." [12/27/06]

Your name matters - Press release of an interesting study in which "the study’s authors sent more than 1,100 identically worded e-mail inquiries to Los Angeles-area landlords asking about vacant apartments advertised online. The inquiries were signed randomly, with an equal number signed Patrick McDougall, Tyrell Jackson or Said Al-Rahman. The fictional McDougall received positive or encouraging replies from 89 percent of the landlords, while Al-Rahman was encouraged by 66 percent of the landlords. Only 56 percent, however, responded positively to Jackson." [added 7/5/06]

Scottsboro "boys" - a brief description of the famous case of the Scottsboro "boys" in 1931, and a link to the PBS show on the subject [added 3/23/04]

Racial Profiling

Racial profiling - "In 2011, NYPD made more stops of young black men than the total number of young black men in New York." [added 6/20/12]

Racial profiling - A report from the ACLU details racial profiling in the Illinois State Police on traffic stops. [added 8/17/11]

Racial profiling - Indian actor in U.S. to promote film on racial profiling of Muslims is racially profiled at airport. [added 1/13/10]

Racial profiling/stereotyping - Documents from the Maryland State Police include statements such as "Hispanics generally do not hold their alcohol well. They tend to drink too much and this leads to fights." [added 12/12/07]

Racial profiling - "An architect of Iraqi descent has said he was forced to remove a T-shirt that bore the words 'We will not be silent' before boarding a flight at New York." [added 12/27/06]

Religious

Ethnic violence - more anti-Islam attacks during Ramadan [added 12/16/12]

Religious sources - "Activists in Kentucky are planning a peaceful response after two gay men with developmental and intellectual disabilities were kicked out of a public pool. A maintenance technician reportedly cited the Bible while telling the two men they couldn't swim at The Pavilion, a government-funded recreational facility in Hazard, Kentucky. "We own this place and can tell you to leave if we want to," the couple was told, according to the Kentucky Equality Foundation. "The Pavilion staff immediately entered the pool area and asked my clients and their staff to leave the Pavilion," Mending Hearts Executive Director Shirlyn Perkins recalled. "My staff asked The Pavilion staff why they were being asked to leave, and they were informed that 'gay people' weren't allowed to swim there." [added 8/17/11]

Stereotypes as overgeneralizations - attacking the appointment of a Muslim judge [4/9/11]

Outgroup homogeneity effect - They all look alike, they all think alike, they all act alike. Columnist Cal Thomas puts forth the view shared by many that Muslims are taking over. They all have the same goal. Here is another example from Glenn Beck. Here is an essay from Glenn Greenwald illustrating the same point. [added 9/25/10]

Did "cult-like" group commit suicide? - You may have heard this story in the news in which "a group of 13 Salvadoran immigrants missing in southern California amid fears that they planned a cult-like mass suicide have been found alive, unhurt and upset to find they were the subjects of an extensive search." Why was there an assumption that they might be out somewhere committing mass suicide? Is that what we think all "cult-like" groups are capable of? Thinking about? Are we overestimating the few vivid instances in which that has occurred? What makes this group "cult-like" anyway? Some video included. [added 9/25/10]

Before I married and assumed a Jewish name, I did not realize that the prejudice would be so strong. We are resented almost everywhere we go. It began with my friends. Shortly after we were married, they began to fall away. Even my children from my previous marriage feel uncomfortable around my husband, just simply because he's Jewish. My former in-laws act as if I died. They never ask the children about me and quickly change the subject if one of them mentions my name. Then there's the clerks in stores when they see my name (obviously Jewish) on my credit cards. We're all supposed to be rich, spoiled princesses. Our husbands got rich through unscrupulous business practices. Sometimes they can be very surly. The churches are not much better. They see us as Christ killers and the word "Jew" definitely bears a negative connotation. It's either hurled from the pulpit or whispered in private. I say "we" rather loosely because I'm a Christian and attend church regularly. I'm also a member of a synagogue, that I attend infrequently with my husband. I've heard a lot of snide remarks and I've learned a lot about how these people cope. They're not perfect, but I don't know anyone who is. There's a lot of truth in that old saying about walking in someone's shoes before you judge them. I've been doing it for several years now and I have quite a different perspective. Unfortunately, as long as stereotypes are perpetuated from generation to generation, few people will ever view life through a Jew's eyes and the prejudice will continue.

Gender/Orientation-based

Language maintains/reinforces prejudice - in this case, gender stereotypes [added 8/19/13]

Institutional discrimination - "Girls given equal rights to British throne under law changes." [added 1/15/12]

Institutional supports - Video and story of gay highschooler attacked by classmate [added 1/15/12]

Stereotypes - Sam Sommers presents an interesting summary and commentary of research finding a negative stereotype about breastfeeding. [added 8/17/11]

Minorities should know their place - Some of the objections to allowing gays and lesbians in the military revolve around the fear that they will "flaunt" their sexual orientation. Those in the majority/power find it easy to tell others not to do as they do. Here is another example. [added 6/20/10]

Social inequalities - "Eight months after being raped, a 16-year-old at Khargor of Kasba upazila in Brahmanbaria had to receive 101 lashes as 'punishment.'" [added 2/6/10]

New gay stereotype - a Tom the Dancing Bug cartoon [added 12/26/07]

Use of offensive language - Blogger makes the argument that the term "homosexual" is degrading and offensive. [added 11/17/07]

Gender bias in the workplace - A fascinating letter apparently from Walt Disney Productions in 1938 rejecting a female applicant for a "young man's" job [added 7/19/07]

Language: "That's so gay" - "After Rice got a warning and a notation in her file, her parents sued, claiming officials at Santa Rosa's Maria Carrillo High violated their daughter's 1st Amendment rights when they disciplined her for uttering a phrase that 'enjoys widespread currency in youth culture,' according to court documents." [added 7/8/07]

Homophobia - You can listen to ex-NBA basketball player Tim Hardaway's statement about how uncomfortable he would have been to have a gay teammate, and how he hates gays. It is about two minutes into this on-air discussion with ex-professional basketball player John Amaechi about his new book in which he reveals that he is gay. Here is an article about Hardaway's comments. [added 7/7/07]

Homophobia - Did you see the Snickers ad during the 2007 Super Bowl? Did you think it was homophobic? Read about the controversy here. [added 7/7/07]

Gays flee Iraq - "Evidence shows increase in number of executions as homosexuals plead for asylum in Britain." [added 12/22/06]

Homosexuality in Iraq - story of a 14-year old boy who was apparently killed by Iraqi police for being a homosexual [added 7/5/06]

Ingroup Bias

Ingroup bias - 5-year-old girl refused to color a picture of a Kansas Jayhawk in school. She was a diehard Kansas State fan. [added 6/18/12]

Exposure to outgroup - A Muslim reality show, "All-American Muslim," will be appearing on TLC beginning November 13, 2011. Will it help reduce conflict or prejudice or discrimination? Who will watch it? Some research possibilities there for you or your students. [added 1/15/12]

Ingroup/outgroup bias and American exceptionalism - [added 9/25/10]

Ingroup/outgroup - What did Georgia Senator Saxby Chambliss mean when he said "There has always been a rush to the polls by African-Americans early. It has also got our side energized, they see what is happening." [added 3/29/09]

Ingroup bias - When I was in Grammar School, it was the biggest deal to be part of the popular group; that’s all I ever wanted. Finally, after years of trying I made it in this distinctive group. This is the perfect example for the Ingroup/Outgroup. In order to be in our group, which by the way we called ourselves the “perfect 10” because there were ten of us, you had to be and act a certain way. Your hair had to be done a certain way, it had to be a certain color, and on various days we all planned to wear matching items. One particular day I remember was a Friday, we called it “crazy pants day.” We all had to wear tight animal print pants and a black top. Everyone wanted to be a part of this group. If you weren’t in it, we were making fun of you, whether it was how you looked, who you hung out with, or just for who you were. We were awful little girls. I remember one day, the day we wore the crazy pants, a few teachers overheard what we were planning and planned to wear matching outfits that same Friday. It’s quite odd looking back and realizing just how big of an impact we had even on adults. By no means am I saying this was a good thing. There are many days where I wish I could take it all back. Why do we have to have these groups, that make others just feel terrible? What was it that gave this group I was in all the power? Even though I was a very mean little girl, I believe if I hadn’t have had experiences like this I wouldn’t be who I am today. Finally I left the “Perfect 10” because I couldn’t take making fun of others for no apparent reason, and now I don’t really judge anybody without getting to know them. [added 4/16/08]

Ingroup bias - An excellent example (image) from Carmen Lebherz of Switzerland: "I attach a picture of the German tabloid "BILD" with the headline "We Are Pope" that amused our team (some are German, some Swiss) quite a bit after Ratzinger became Benedict XVI. It's a pun on statements such as "we are soccer world champion", "we" standing for the whole nation. We thought it a perfect example of ingroup behavior, maybe even Cialdini's Basking in Reflected Glory (there's a twist: the Germans didn't like Ratzinger at all before he become pope)." [added 7/5/06]
Unequal status and socialization - Winnifred Louis passed along this example from Australia: "How hostility to asylum seekers (refugee claimaints) is formed - the context is that Australia has implemented harsh strategies of pre-emptive detention, a policy seen by some as inhumane and violating Australia's human rights obligations, yet supported by most Australians initially because of negative stereotypes about 'queue jumpers' and economic migrants masquerading as refugees. Most students have never met a refugee yet have strong views on the subject - so it's a good example of how people learn attitudes at second hand - from whom, one can ask?" [added 7/5/06]


A faculty member passed along this example experienced at a social psychology conference: "But what I wanted to share and receive comment on pertains to something I heard at the airport Sunday morning. Two graduate students were complaining that the Sat. night Jam Session was poorly attended and speculated it was because the "big names" were at a private party for the "Ivy Leaguers." One of the students had a friend who attended this party, and apparently it is quite formal, with some men in tuxes and women in formal dresses. What interested me the most was that this party was apparently "hush hush," with the location only announced at the last minute so that no one from an "inferior" school could "crash" it. Which leads to my actual question, is there a social hierarchy among social psychologists? Is there an "ingroup" that serves/works to maintain the elite and protect the status quo? What do others think? Any personal experiences, in general, at this party, etc." Any comments? [added 7/5/06]

The best example of Ingroup Bias deals with something that took place years ago. In fifth grade, a few girlfriends and I established The Bra Club. This club was exclusive to those girls who had already received their first bra. We planned all sorts of recess activities for our members. It was amazing (looking back) how quickly we all identified with the group. The boundaries setup extremely fast. You were in or out no -- in between. We in the bra club began to see those without a bra as something less than us. We also attributed non-related things, like saying something stupid to not having a bra. This illusion of causation became quite a habit. "Look she tripped. Oh, that's cause she doesn't have a bra." Stereotypes were also set up within the group. We associated the non-bras to things such as unintelligent, strange, clumsy, etc. At that time, the bra club also fell victim to false consensus. We thought that everybody thought that having a bra was the thing that made the world spin! Needless to say, my chapter of the bra club is now defunct. I'm sure somewhere the bra club exists and they are victimizing that poor non-bra, outgroup as we did!

I went to an afternoon meeting with dinner after. When we arrived, name tags were given out. Some people had green dots by their names, but some had red dots. No one could really figure out why one had any particular color over the other. When we finally sat down to dinner it became clear that the dot signified your meal choice (pre-selected). It was interesting how the 10 tables of people (12 per table) had literally grouped themselves by color code. For instance our table had only one green tag meaning that person had ordered prime rib rather than orange roughy. Before all were served and knew the color reasons, one person at our table even joked to Larry calling him our "token green," so obviously we somehow gave ourselves some identity via the codes. It was also interesting that as dinner went on most of us finally had to admit that we were just conforming to the perceived norm of "healthy eating" with the fish and Larry's prime rib really did look much better to us. We had not chosen what we wanted but what we thought we should want to eat at a company function.

The other ingroup I belong to is a group of secretaries. There are only four of us on the third floor so we are pretty close, at least in our opinions about the managers. There are 25 of them. If the coffee fund or candy fund turns up short of cash, it's because one of those cheap managers didn't contribute their fair share. They are all insensitive jerks! We, on the other land, are the long-suffering secretaries!

The group-serving bias - Despite overwhelming dislike of politicians in Washington, there has always been a group-serving bias such that MY representative/senator is okay, but the rest of those bums are terrible. Now, the majority of Americans don't even like their own incumbent. [added 12/5/10]

Discrimination

Institutional discrimination - Report finds racial discrimination in upkeep of foreclosed properties. [added 6/20/12]

Institutional discrimination - The Daily Show has an amusing take on Arizona's banning of the teaching of ethnic studies in schools. [added 6/20/12]

Institutional discrimination - A private Islamic school was denied admission to a Texas association of private and parochial schools. [added 6/18/12]

Institutional discrimination - in the mortgage industry [added 1/15/12]

Institutional discrimination - Church banned interracial couples from becoming members. That ban has since been rescinded. [added 1/15/12]

Reducing discrimination - Women in Saudi Arabia are to be given the right to vote and to run for office. [added 1/15/12]

Overt discrimination - At Mississippi middle school, only Whites can run for president. [added 9/25/10]

Dehumanizing groups - South Carolina Lt. Governor compares parents of children on free or reduced lunches to stray animals. Here is a link to a Daily Show video in which Jon Stewart takes him to task. [added 2/6/10]

Dehumanization [added 7/15/07]

Unequal treatment - "Police ignore serial killings in Delhi slum, exposing unequal justice for India's poor" [added 7/6/07]

Just-world Phenomenon

Just world beliefs - "Herman Cain On Occupy Wall Street: If You Don't Have A Job And You're Not Rich, Blame Yourself" [added 1/15/12]

Just world phenomenon - Radio show host Bill Cunningham said "You know, people are poor in America, Steve, not because they lack money; they're poor because they lack values, morals, and ethics. And if government can't teach and instill that, we're wasting our time simply giving poor people money." Earlier in the show, Cunningham had stated that "unlike many countries in the world, Steve, we have fat poor people. We don't have skinny poor people. Ours are fat and flatulent." [3/26/09]

The just-world phenomenon - A study from Compassion International found that "thirty-nine percent of the people polled agreed strongly or somewhat with the statement: 'You have more sympathy for people who have cancer than you do for people who have HIV or AIDS because you feel most of those with HIV/AIDS got the disease as a result of their decisions or lifestyles.'" [added 12/29/06]

Assimilation

Assimilation - Mayor in Maine says "I don't care what color you are, when you come into the country, you have to accept our culture. Don't try to insert your culture into ours." [added 12/17/12]

Assimilationist view - Change your name so it sounds more like ours. Here is another example of the belief that immigrants should change their name to fit into society. [added 7/5/09]

Pressure for minorities to assimilate - "Representative Betty Brown of Texas made waves yesterday by requesting that Asian voters 'adopt a name we could deal with' when voting and filling out identification forms." [added 7/4/09]

Reducing Prejudice

The book touched on reducing racial prejudice through social contact. This brought me back to my high school days. In 1965, the Catholic schools made a stab at integration in St. Louis where I lived. The all-black high school on the north side of town was changed from co-ed to all boys. The all-white high school on the south side was changed from co-ed to all girls. The plan was to bus all the black girls south and all the white boys north. (This was in line with the stereotype that boys could handle themselves better in a rough neighborhood than girls. Evidently many white mothers did not share this stereotype and simply removed their sons from the Catholic school system and put them into the public school close by.) Many attempts were made by the nuns at my now all-girl school to get the black girls and white girls to intermix. The girls were paired off by opposite race as "co-sisters." On retreats girls of opposite race were bunked together. However, none of this forced social contact really worked. The girls still separated by race for lunches, social events, etc. The ingroup/outgroup bias was clearly distinctive here.

Topic Resources

 

Racial/Ethnic Prejudice

Racial Profiling
Immigration
General
African
Asian
Australian
Chinese
Hispanic
Indian
Islamic/Arab
Italian
Japanese
Jewish
Native American

Measuring Prejudice
Gender-based Prejudice
Sexual Orientation-based Prejudice
Disability/Disadvantaged-based Prejudice
Age-based Prejudice
Reducing Prejudice
Other Resources

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Understanding Prejudice" - excellent site from Scott Plous and others that has grown rapidly in its short existence - lots of good resources and links to prejudice-related topics [added 7/23/03]

 

Measuring Prejudice


Another method for identifying implicit biases/stereotypes? - "Instead of scanning their brains, they tracked their hand movements. They flashed the photographs on a screen, and instructed the volunteers to move a mouse rapidly toward one of two adjectives—for example, “aggressive” and “caring”—in opposite corners of the screen. The psychologists tracked the computer mouse movements to see how quickly and directly they categorized each face by stereotypical traits. The idea here is that the hands have a mind of their own, in the sense that movements reflect the mind’s hesitation and conflict. The results were fascinating. An instantaneous stereotype would be a straight line from the starting point to one of the two adjectives—male, therefore aggressive, no hesitation. Nobody did that. Instead the movements appear as curves, suggesting some hesitation and deliberation in each judgment." [added 1/18/10]

Measuring racial discrimination - This entire book is freely available online. [added 7/06/07]

 

Racial/Ethnic Prejudice

Racial Profiling


Racial profiling by police in New York City - article about a report documenting unjustified stops by police that disproportionately targeted minorities [added 12/19/10]

Arizona's new immigration law - This article is from the Teaching Tolerance site which says that "Arizona legalizes racial profiling." Here is a story about a disturbing event that occurred a few days before the law was passed. [added 7/14/10]

Whom should we screen at airports? - "The U.S. government is refining its terror-screening policy to focus on specific terror threats and not travelers' nationalities. The new policy replaces a security requirement put in place after the attempted bombing of a jetliner en route to Detroit on Christmas Day that singled out people from 14 countries that have been home to terrorists." Which is better?
[added 7/14/10]

Detecting racial bias in police stops - This article describes a statistical technique for identifying potentially problematic police officers for racial profiling. [added 1/18/10]

Analysis of racial profiling in NYPD - [added 12/16/07]

Racial profiling report - A study from the U.S. Justice Department found "Black, Hispanic and white drivers are equally likely to be pulled over by police, but blacks and Hispanics are much more likely to be searched and arrested." [added 7/16/07]

Racial profiling - "In a paper called 'Racial Profiling,' published in 'Philosophy and Public Affairs' in 2004, Richard Zeckhauser and I offer some reflections on moral issues pertaining to the use of race in police tactics. This paper has attracted a considerable amount of criticism. The present paper has been prepared for a conference session on racial profiling and responds to two published papers critical of our arguments. The goal of this paper is to defend the central arguments in the earlier Risse and Zeckhauser paper." [added 12/31/06]

Informal racial profiling? - story of how passengers in the UK refused to board a plane until two Asian men possibly speaking Arabic were removed from the plane [added 12/26/06]

Increasing calls for racial profiling? - It seems since the apparent plot to blow up planes flying from the UK to the U.S. there has been an even greater call for racial profiling of those who appear to be Muslims or Arabs. Here are a few examples. I liked an analogy I read somewhere. Virtually all of the mass school shooters (e.g., Columbine) we have heard about in the last few years have been white males. So, should we screen all white males as they enter school every day in the U.S.? Should we require that they enter school through a separate door? I assume most people would consider this absurd because the shooters represent such a tiny fraction of all the white males attending school. But aren't the number of Muslims/Arabs who commit terrorist acts on airplanes a similarly tiny fraction of all Muslims/Arabs? Does this analogy work? [added 12/26/06]

"Racially biased policing: A principled response" - a (2005) report from the Police Executive Research Forum [added 1/14/06]

Racial profiling data collection - The Institute on Race and Justice at Northeastern University has created an informative site on racial profiling. Contents include reports on efforts to collect racial profiling data, reports on current events related to racial profiling, reports on initiatives aimed at reducing racial profiling, reports on related legislation and case law and more. [added 7/23/03]

"Arrest the Racism: Racial Profiling in America" - articles and resources on racial profiling from the ACLU [added 11/7/02]

Immigration

10 myths about immigration - [added 6/5/11]

Immigrant women in the food industry - a report from the Southern Poverty Law Center [added 12/19/10]

Arizona's new immigration law - This article is from the Teaching Tolerance site which says that "Arizona legalizes racial profiling." Here is a story about a disturbing event that occurred a few days before the law was passed. [added 7/14/10]

Hate crimes report - Report from the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights Education Fund details how an increase in hate crimes against immigrants is linked to the tone of the political debate. [added 7/11/09]

"Utah County GOP delegate links illegal immigration to Satan" [added 7/14/07]

Immigration debate in the classroom - more resources for teachers on this issue [added 7/6/06]

Characteristics of "unauthorized migrant population in the U.S." - a report from the Pew Hispanic Center [added 7/6/06]

"Legal immigrants strongly oppose ... immigration proposals" - a poll from the Center for American Progress [added 7/6/06]

Immigration Caricatures - images from the exhibit "Immigration and Caricature: Ethnic Images from the Appel Collection" [added 11/7/02]

General

Italy's racist soccer thugs - a good report looking into this unpleasant subculture [added 2/20/14]

"Yes, The South Really Is Different — And It’s Because Of Race" - analysis of attitudes in the Southern United States [added 2/20/14]

"150 years of racism: Attitudes in the American South" - "A new paper by Avidit Acharya, Matthew Blackwell, and Maya Sen has discovered that the proportion of enslaved residents in 1860 — 153 years ago — predicts race-related beliefs today." [added 2/20/14]

"How racism caused the shutdown" - [added 2/20/14]

The racial dot map - "Created by Dustin Cable at the University of Virginia's Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, the Racial Dot Map provides "an accessible visualization of geographic distribution, population density, and racial diversity of the American people in every neighborhood in the entire country." As such, it displays over 308 million dots, color-coded by race, for each person residing in the United States at the time of the 2010 Census. Visitors can zoom in and out around the map to glean more specific details on various patterns. The What am I looking at? section provides a great way to learn more about the basic functions of the map and how it can be used in a range of settings." [added 2/20/14]

Paula Deen and "four ways racists defend themselves" - interesting analysis of the uproar regarding TV host Paula Deen [added 8/19/13]

"Federal judge accused of making racial comments" - [added 8/19/13]

Accidental Racist - Heard about the controversial song by that name? Unfortunately, the video is not online, but you can find the lyrics. Here is a discussion of it. [added 8/19/13]

"Race and anger online" - Blog entry explores a recent violent event in the U.S. on which people commented online. Online forums are now providing an easily available public forum for expressing prejudice. [added 8/19/13]

Institute of Race Relations - The Institute provides essays, research, and other educational resources, particularly for Europe. [added 1/1/13]

Whites believe they are more frequent victims of racism than Blacks - "Both whites and blacks agree that anti-black racism has decreased over the last 60 years, according to the study. However, whites believe that anti-white racism has increased and is now a bigger problem than anti-black racism." H/T to Dennis Dew. [added 1/1/13]

"Alabama pastor holds 'Whites only' conference" - [added 1/1/13]

How we deny the existence of racism - good essay from Marianne Mollmann from Amnesty International [added 1/1/13]

Racist babies? - "New research indicates that by the time they are 9 months old, babies are better able to recognize faces and emotional expressions of people who belong to the group they interact with most, than they are those of people who belong to another race." [added 7/1/12]

"Illegal racial discrimnation in jury selection" - a 2010 report from the Equal Justice Initiative [added 7/1/12]

"Race: Are we so different?" - An excellent new resource from the American Anthropological Association: "Looking through the eyes of history, science and lived experience, the RACE Project explains differences among people and reveals the reality – and unreality – of race. The story of race is complex and may challenge how we think about race and human variation, about the differences and similarities among people." So far, the site contains papers, an extensive bibliography, a few instructional materials, and more. [added 7/1/12]

Minority students receive harsher punishments in schools - report from U.S. Department of Education [added 7/1/12]

Robot prejudice - "Shown identical pictures of the robot, half the students were told the machine was called Armin (a typical German first name) and that it had been developed in Germany. The other students were told the robot was called Arman (a typical Turkish name; Turks are the largest minority group in Germany) and that it had been developed at a Turkish university. The students evaluating the supposedly German-built robot Armin, rated it as warmer, of superior design, as having more of a mind, said they felt psychologically closer to it, and expressed more of a willingness to live with it, as compared with the students who evaluated the supposedly Turkish-built Arman. So not only did the German students show a basic preferential bias toward the robot that had a German name and provenance, they also saw it as more human." [added 7/1/12]

"Can you immunize yourself against prejudice?" - Blog entry about new research in which participants who were primed to be immunized against disease in some way were less likely to be racist. [added 1/29/12]

Why it's never about race - Sam Sommers follows up on an earlier blog entry on this topic by addressing the execution of Troy Davis in Georgia, USA. [added 1/29/12]

"Erasing Hate" - "For years, Bryon Widner thrived on hate as a violent skinhead – a razor-carrying "enforcer" who helped organize other racist gangs around the country. His hate was literally etched on his face in the form of tattoos with racist and violent themes. But with the help of the Southern Poverty Law Center – the nation's leading monitor of hate and extremist activity – Widner left the white power movement and endured nearly two years of excruciating laser treatments to remove the tell-tale tattoos so that he could start a new life with his wife and children. On Sunday night, his story will be told in "Erasing Hate," which airs at 9 p.m. EDT on MSNBC. The one-hour documentary recounts Widner's life within the white power movement, the decision that led him and his wife to leave it, and the procedures he received."

"Crime and community investments in racially distinct neighborhoods" - "In a recent study, 'Differential Benefits? Crime and Community Investments in Racially Distinct Neighborhoods,' Darlene Saporu, Charles Patton, Lauren Krivo and Ruth Peterson use data from the National Neighborhood Crime Study to investigate how residential loans vary in their influence on violent and property crime across racially and ethnically distinct communities in over 8,000 neighborhoods across 87 U.S. cities. The authors find that non-white and more disadvantaged neighborhoods experience more reductions in crime per investment dollars accrued than white and more advantaged areas." [added 8/20/11]

Beliefs in genetic human similarity affect likelihood of categorization - Researchers conducted some clever studies illustrating how one's belief in how genetically similar humans are is related to one's likelihood of categorization. Additionally, they asked the question, "If belief in genetic variation is correlated with people's tendency to categorise faces according to race, then what if people are educated about human genetic variation - might that change their proclivity for prejudice?" A subsequent study found just that -- an interesting possible route to reduce prejudice. [added 8/20/11]

"Why it's never about race" - Sam Sommers describes examples in which we often claim that although racism exists that is not what is happening in this case. [added 8/20/11]

Racial micro aggressions - "Some racism is so subtle that neither victim nor perpetrator may entirely understand what is going on—which may be especially toxic for people of color." [added 8/20/11]

Are Whites racially oppressed? - [added 6/5/11]

Do NBA refs exhibit own race bias? - very interesting story about a study of NBA referees, how the NBA responded, and how the story and research evolved -- H/T to Harry Wallace [added 12/21/10]

Multiculturalism in Australia - a report on the controversy and policy around multiculturalism in Australia [added 12/19/10]

"Big racial gap in suspensions of middle school students" - a report from the Southern Poverty Law Center [added 10/23/10]

Stereotypes and peremptory challenges - "Rather than denying the existence of stereotyping or asking people to continually suppress a basic human instinct, there is a better way to help reduce demographic profiling in forbidden areas. The simple answer is to increase the time for voir dire and utilize jury questionnaires." [added 10/23/10]

"Victim race still central to death penalty" - "The odds of getting a death sentence for killing a white person is about three times higher than for killing an African American with the race of the defendant virtually irrelevant, according to a new study out of North Carolina that echoes earlier findings on capital punishment." [added 10/23/10]

Race salience and juries - This blog entry briefly describes some research from Sam Sommers and points to an article of his in which he points to some misconceptions in our understanding of race bias and juries. [added 10/23/10]

"The political incorrectness of political correctness" - This interesting essay by Sam Sommers could prompt some good debate in your classroom. [added 7/14/10]

Differences in empathy or us-vs-them mentality - interesting essay on how broadly we extend our empathy to "others" - here's another on the same topic [added 3/7/10]

In UK, call to ban race and gender info in CVs - [added 2/7/10]

Basketball league for Whites only - [added 2/7/10]

Ease of processing affects prejudice? - "The researchers said their finding showed prejudice against migrants can partly be explained by the cognitive awkwardness of thinking about a person who lives in one place but hails from another." [added 2/7/10]

"Census figures challenge views of race and ethnicity" - [added 2/7/10]

Nonverbal communication of race bias on TV - This study finds that "Subtle patterns of nonverbal behavior that appear on popular television programs influence racial bias among viewers....Black characters elicit especially negative nonverbal responses, such as facial expressions and body language, from other characters, and viewers exhibit more racial bias after exposure to such negative responses, according to the Science paper." [added 1/18/10]

A race-themed political cartoon - an interesting analysis of a race-themed political cartoon and how it can be used as a teaching tool [added 1/18/10]

Racial bias in Britain's workplaces - "A government sting operation targeting hundreds of employers across Britain has uncovered widespread racial discrimination against workers with African and Asian names." [added 1/18/10]

Judge refuses to issue marriage license to interracial couple - Why? "He came to the conclusion that most of black society does not readily accept offspring of such relationships, and neither does white society, he said." [added 1/18/10]

Stereotypes and chefs - Do you watch the TV show Top Chef? Do you ever see any Black chefs, judges, etc.? Asian? [added 7/11/09]

"What is White Trash?" - [added 7/11/09]

Are all missing females white and attractive? - It might seem that way if you follow media accounts. Sam Sommers addresses this and related questions in his blog. Here is some similar analysis. [added 7/11/09]

"Obama is nudging views on race, a survey finds" - [added 7/11/09]

Racial microaggressions - The article describes what is meant by a microaggression. Here is a blog entry responding to the article. [4/1/09]

Does inducing empathy towards minority groups reduce prejudice? - As usual, it depends. If the participant anticipates then interacting with a minority group member his dislike actually increases. If he anticipates interacting with an ingroup member then prejudice is reduced. [4/1/09]

Slight hesitations in intergroup conversation may heighten racial tension - description of an interesting study [4/1/09]

"Race bigotry falling in Britain" - [4/1/09]

A person of color on The Bachelor (TV show)? - Interesting blog entry about how no person of color is ever a "person in power" on the TV shows The Bachelor and The Bachelorette. [4/1/09]

Is Tony Blair more American than Barack Obama? - Interesting research study presented at the 2008 SPSP conference -- here is a New York Times article about it [3/30/09]

"After Obama victory, an outbreak of racial anger" - Here is another story about it. [3/30/09]

"The enduring challenge of concentrated poverty in America" - a report from the Brookings Institution [3/30/09]

Race in America series from Chicago Tribune - [3/30/09]

Colorblindness - Another good blog from Sam Sommers -- I can't tell you how many games of Guess Who? I played with my kids many years ago. [3/29/09]

A giant Confederate flag - The Sons of the Confederate Veterans plan to build and fly a large Confederate flag the length of a semi-trailer truck in Hillsborough County, Florida. [6/20/08]

"The Nazi Olympics: Berlin 1936" - an exhibit from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum [6/20/08]

Deconstructing Pat Buchanan - interesting blog entry [6/20/08]

"Enough with the unusual names" - a satirical piece of the unique names given to minority children that many thought was serious [6/20/08]

Institutional racism in the U.S. - a report from the American Civil Liberties Union -- "Race and ethnicity in America: Turning a blind eye to injustice" [added 3/23/08]

"Deprivation and social exclusion in Australia" - a report from the Social Policy Research Centre [added 12/16/07]

Racism as subjectification - "This is the problem of subjectification - when people who are conceded to possess subject status are nevertheless treated as if they have no objective worth." [added 12/16/07]

"Hate crimes rose 8% in 2006" - Here is an article from Hatewatch which claims the number is seriously undercounted. [added 12/15/07]

"Race, ethnicity, and the criminal justice system" - "A new research brief released recently by the American Sociological Association, in its series on How Race and Ethnicity Matter, highlights data and research on racial and ethnic disparities in crime and the criminal justice system in the United States. Focusing on studies that span several decades, the brief demonstrates how research from the social and behavioral sciences serves as a resource to understand the relationship between race and the criminal justice system." Other reports in the series can be found at this site. [added 12/9/07]

"Metropolitan segregation" - This is an article published 50 years ago in Scientific American about "white flight." [added 11/17/07]

Minority enrollments at U.S. colleges and universities - a 2007 report from the American Council on Education [added 11/17/07]

"The persuasive appeal of stigma" - "Stigmatized minorities may have an advantage in persuading majority group members during some face-to-face interactions due to the greater self-presentational demands such interactions elicit. In contrast to models which predict greater persuasive impact of members of ingroups, White participants were more convinced by persuasive appeals delivered by a Black interaction partner than by a White interaction partner." [added 9/30/07]

"Healing Katrina's racial wounds" - an article from Time magazine [added 9/30/07]

Elvis a racist? A bigot? - interesting blog about Elvis' "legacy with respect to race" [added 9/30/07]

"Voices of Civil Rights" - This site shares the firsthand accounts of many involved in the fight for civil rights. [added 8/05/07]

"Understanding race" - "Looking through the eyes of history, science and lived experience, the RACE Project explains differences among people and reveals the reality – and unreality – of race. The story of race is complex and may challenge how we think about race and human variation, about the differences and similarities among people." A project of the American Anthropological Association [added 7/8/07]

Resurgence of the KKK in America - a report from the Anti-Defamation League [added 7/7/07]

School segregation - "Lost learning, forgotten promises" from the Center for American Progress examines the consequences of school segregation, the consequences of integration, and the current status of both. [added 7/06/07]

"And justice for some" - "And justice for some: Differential treatment of youth of color in the justice system" is a report from the National Council on Crime and Delinquency.
[added 7/06/07]

Facts about U.S. ethnic groups - Brief reports from the U.S. Census Bureau provides facts and figures about different ethnic groups. [added 12/31/06]

"African American and Latino families face high rates of hardship" - a report from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities -- three "hardships" are considered: Overcrowding, hunger or the risk of hunger, and lack of medical care. [added 12/31/06]

The Wonderlic test, stereotype threat and the law - "The Wonderlic is a twelve-minute, fifty-question exam designed to assess aptitude for learning a job and adapting to solve problems." It is given to many college football players prior to the National Football League draft. Sometimes it is viewed as an IQ test of prospective professional football players. This paper looks at whether stereotype threat is in play when players take the test, and it examines some of the legal implications of this process. [added 12/31/06]

"A brief history of race and the Supreme Court" - [added 12/31/06]

The European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia - "The primary task of the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) is to provide the Community and its Member States with objective, reliable and comparable information and data on racism, xenophobia, islamophobia and anti-Semitism at the European level in order to help the EU and its Member States to establish measures or formulate courses actions against racism and xenophobia." The site contains reports such as "The right to offend and the right not to be offended," a series of views on hate speech and the freedom of speech. [added 12/26/06]

Cross-race relationships - an article and annotated bibliography that addresses actual relationships across races and not just contact between them, from The Center for the Development of Peace and Well-being [added 1/15/06]

"Keeping extremists out..." - "Keeping extremists out: The history of ideological exclusion, and the need for its revival" is an essay from the Heartland Institute. [added 1/13/06]

"Young singers spread racist hate" - a story about 13-year old twins who reportedly "are white nationalists and use their talents to preach a message of hate" [added 1/11/06]

Segregation and cancer risk - "Separate and unequal: Residential segregation and estimated cancer risks associated with ambient air toxics in U.S. metropolitan areas" is a report from The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. [added 1/11/06]


Indigenous Peoples Literature - extensive resources about indigenous peoples worldwide [added 1/9/06]

Ph.D. diversity issues - "A new Woodrow Wilson report shows that, despite decades-long national efforts and some gains in enrollments, African Americans and Hispanics are still significantly underrepresented among recipients of Ph.D.s in the United States." [added 1/2/06]

Ruling on segregation in prison - interesting story about the U.S. Supreme Court overturning California's policy of segregrating prisoners by race (2005) [added 6/17/05]

Days of Infamy: December 7 and 9/11 - comparison of two infamous days in American history -- hear the voices of people immediately following each event, and more [added 12/1/04]

School segregation and integration
http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2004-04-14-integration_x.htm
This is an article reporting on a study in which "242 members of the Class of 1980 from six racially diverse high schools across the country" were interviewed to see how integration has affected their lives years later. [added 6/9/04]

"'Race' and IQ" - an article by Bem Allen [added 4/5/04]

Facts on different U.S. minorities - well organized sets of links to factual info on a few minorities in the U.S. from the U.S. Census Bureau [added 3/30/04]

"Brown@50: Fulfilling the promise" - resources related to the Brown v. Board of Education decision as part of a commemoration of its upcoming 50th anniversary, from Howard University School of Law [added 3/23/04]

"Race: The Power of an Illusion" - This is the companion website to PBS' TV series of the same name. It includes background readings on the origins and roles of race, a discussion guide, classroom activities (check out "For Teachers"), and other resources. [added 7/23/03]

"A Class Divided" - Frontline (PBS) rebroadcast its 1985 episode of the famous story of Jane Elliott, the 3rd grade teacher in rural Iowa, who in the late '60's began an exercise in her class in which she separated her white students into blue-eyed and brown-eyed kids to teach them lessons of discrimination. The entire episode can now be viewed online at this address. It begins with the fascinating original footage in Elliott's 3rd grade classroom and includes follow-up experiences since that time. The episode is broken into five segments online. I love when such material is made available online because I can pick certain clips to show in class or I can send students to view them outside of class. Nothing to put on reserve! [added 7/16/03]

"Changing America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-being by Race and Hispanic Origin" - "This chart book documents current differences in well-being by race and Hispanic origin and describes how such differences have evolved over the past several decades. The book is designed to further one of the goals of the President's Initiative on Race: To educate Americans about the facts surrounding the issue of race in America." [added 7/16/03]

Whiteness Studies - some interesting articles and resources related to Whiteness Studies. "Whiteness Studies attempts to trace the economic and political history behind the invention of "whiteness," to attack the privileges given to so-called "whites," and to analyze the cultural practices (in art, music, literature, and popular media) that create and perpetuate notions of 'whiteness.'" [added 11/7/02]

"Why do white people smell like wet dogs when they come out of the rain?"
- Y? is a very unique site designed to allow people to ask and answer questions regarding cultural and ethnic differences. [added 11/7/02]

Segregation in U.S. Cities - Census Scope provides "charts, data, and rankings on segregation in cities and metropolitan areas" from the 2000 U.S. census [added 8/30/02]

"Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care" - an online, book-length report (2002) from the Institute of Medicine [added 6/6/02]

Find Hidden Bias - the Southern Poverty Law Center has put together an extensive website (Tolerance.org) that includes this series of Implicit Association Tests revealing possible biases towards Arab Muslims, Asian Americans, body image and more - explore the entire site; a lot of interesting examples and material

The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies - claims to be "the nation's only museum, library, and archive dedicated to collecting and interpreting materials reflecting our nation's multicultural heritage"

"History of Race in Science" - variety of resources related to topic - sponsored by Program in Science, Technology & Society at M.I.T.

Mortgage Lending Discrimination - from the U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development

African

Another segregated prom - Here is video of the prom. [added 8/19/13]

African-American women - a collection of images and documents [added 8/19/13]

"Obama's name instantly polarizes issues" - Fascinating poll conducted by the Washington Post in which respondents were asked about some issue either with or without Obama's endorsement of the issue. Simply adding his endorsement significantly changed support for the issue. [added 8/19/13]

South Africa has first Black "Idol" - Despite the fact that the majority of South Africa's population is Black, this is the first time in eight seasons that a Black contestant has won their version of American Idol. Read why. [added 1/1/13]

If you don't like Blacks, you don't like Obama's dog - Blog entry describes some interesting research that teased out racial animosity towards Barack Obama and how it affected attitudes towards other issues, including the President's dog. [added 7/1/12]

"Interracial poster sparks controversy in South Africa" - "The political ad created by the student wing of the Democratic Alliance party, shows a white man and a black woman embracing with the tagline 'In OUR future, you wouldn't look twice.'" [added 7/1/12]

The shooting of Trayvon Martin - How big is the Trayvon Martin story? It's got its own Wikipedia page. [added 6/29/12]

Affirmative action bake sale - "A Facebook post announcing plans by a UC Berkeley Republican group to sell baked goods priced according to race, gender and ethnicity - 'White/Caucasian' pastries for $2 and 'Black/African American' pastries for 75 cents, for example - has drawn outrage on campus....The campus Republicans, who expect to go forward with their 'Increase Diversity Bake Sale' on Tuesday, say the event is meant to mock an effort by the student government to drum up support for SB185, a bill to let the University of California and the California State University consider ethnicity in student admissions." [added 1/29/12]

Man should be given death penalty because Blacks are more dangerous - blog entry about a Texas death penalty case and the role of psychologists in the sentencing [added 1/29/12]

How much anti-White bias is there? - As part of a New York Times "Room for Debate" segment, Sam Sommers join several others in commenting on Sam and colleagues' research. As Sam notes, "Our recent research reveals that white and black Americans agree that bias against blacks was prevalent in the 1950’s and 1960’s. But while blacks see such racism as continuing, whites tend to see it as a problem that has been more or less “solved.” If anything, many whites now believe that it’s anti-white bias that’s on an upswing, to the point where it’s even more prevalent than anti-black bias — a sentiment not shared by blacks." These different viewpoints could provide a good starter for class discussion or a particular assignment. [added 8/20/11]

Rochester Black Freedom Struggle Online Project - a collection of oral histories, papers, and other exhibits primarily addressing the 1960's and 1970's in Rochester, NY [added 6/5/11]

Many more Blacks jailed (proportionately) in England and Wales than U.S. - That's a staggering thought. [added 12/19/10]

First Black elected to office in Russia - [added 10/23/10]

Variation of black/white doll test - CNN conducted a study on children from kindergarten through fourth grade examining their perceptions of lighter-skinned and darker-skinned children. "In the study, white children had an overwhelming bias toward white, and black children also had a bias toward white, but it was not nearly as strong as the bias shown by the white children." Find links to the actual study results and to video stories about it. [added 7/14/10]

Colorism and light-skinned Blacks - [added 3/7/10]

Ethnic cleansing in America? - "From the 1860s to the 1920s, towns across the U.S. violently expelled African American residents. Today, these communities remain virtually all white." [added 2/6/10]

Using the N-word and hate crimes - Very interesting article about the question of whether a white using the N-word toward a black is automatically the sign of racial animus. It begins with a very interesting court case on this subject. [added 1/18/10]

Chris Rock's new documentary "Good Hair" - This looks to be a fascinating take on Black women and their pursuit of straight hair. This essay provides some good insights about it. [added 1/18/10]

First Black Disney princess - Read about this story and others in the THIS WEEK IN RACE blog [added 7/11/09]

Racial disparities in emergency room length of stay - "Sick or injured African-American patients wait about an hour longer than patients of other races before being transferred to an inpatient hospital bed following emergency room visits, according to a new national study published in the journal Academic Emergency Medicine." [4/1/09]

"Barack wouldn't be president if he didn't marry a black woman" - And a couple other "things you're not allowed to say about the Obamas" - is it true? [4/1/09]

"The code of the street and African-American adolescent violence" - a report from the U.S. Department of Justice [4/1/09]

A fascinating case of possible juror bias - Sam Sommers, in his always interesting blog, Science of Small Talk, relates a fascinating tale: "In November of 2006, a Cape Cod jury returned a guilty verdict in the murder trial of Christopher McCowen. This was supposed to be the final chapter in a murder drama that had captured attention regionally and nationally. But within days of the verdict, three different jurors came forward with concerns about the jury's verdict as well as the process by which it was reached. These concerns would serve as the impetus for an extraordinarily rare legal hearing in which the jurors from the case were called back to the courthouse more than one year after the verdict. One-by-one, they would take the stand and answer questions about what had transpired in the jury room. Specifically, the hearing examined whether particular jurors had made racially biased statements during deliberations, and, if they had, whether such statements had influenced the trial's outcome."

At the end of the above blog entry click on "To be continued" to .... continue. Currently, there are three installments. A fourth and final one is promised. As you will read, Sam also appeared in court in this case as an expert witness. I love the first question he was asked as he describes it: "First question from Mr. O'Keefe during my cross-examination: "Doctor, do you mind if I ask you how old you are?" My reply: "Sure, as long as I can ask you the same question in return." That relates to my first question for Sam: Did you wear the glasses in court (as opposed to going sans glasses in your blog photo) to appear younger, more authoritative, or both?

Lots of possible uses for this well-told story in your course.
[4/1/09]

Does living in a more "prejudiced" area correspond to a Black's wages? - Interesting study that attempted to see if a correlation existed between the amount of prejudice in a region and the wage gap between Blacks and Whites [4/1/09]

"Black Americans in Congress" - More historical in nature, but you might find it interesting or useful [4/1/09]

The Obama effect - Fascinating research: Blacks performed significantly worse on a test of 20 GRE questions prior to Obama's election. Blacks performed equally well on the test after the inauguration. Elimination of stereotype threat? The first link is to a New York Times article about the study. [4/1/09]

What does it mean to be "Black" today? - [4/1/09]

Civil Rights Digital Library - This site from the University of Georgia Libraries provides a lot of articles, images, and videos from the civil rights era of the 1950s and 1960s. [3/29/09]

The Bubba effect - What percent of Americans will vote against Barack Obama just because of his race? 2%? 6%? Here are two interesting takes on that question. The first is a blog that also addresses some other interesting topics. [3/29/09]

Too black or not black enough? - interesting blog entry about Obama's speech on race and related thoughts [added 4/25/08]

Kenya being redrawn by ethnicity - "Kenya used to be considered one of the most promising countries in Africa. Now it is in the throes of ethnically segregating itself. Ever since a deeply flawed election in December kicked off a wave of ethnic and political violence, hundreds of thousands of people have been violently driven from their homes and many are now resettling in ethnically homogenous zones. Luos have gone back to Luo land, Kikuyus to Kikuyu land, Kambas to Kamba land and Kisiis to Kisii land. Even some of the packed slums in the capital, Nairobi, have split along ethnic lines." [added 4/14/08]

Many U.S. Whites associate Blacks with apes - A series of studies found "Americans subconsciously associate blacks with apes." [added 4/14/08]

Watson's racist comments - Nobel Laureate James Watson apparently made some comments suggesting that those of African descent are less intellectually endowed. For example, "In the newspaper interview, he said there was no reason to think that races which had grown up in separate geographical locations should have evolved identically. He went on to say that although he hoped everyone was equal, 'people who have to deal with black employees find this not true.'" [added 12/9/07]

Observing discrimination taxing on the mind - Interesting study in which black and white participants observed a company's hiring decisions. When blacks observed subtle racism in the hiring process it later impaired their performance on a Stroop test, and more so than the observance of more blatant racism. Whites on the other hand were more impaired after observing the blatant racism. [added 12/9/07]

Jena 6 - I assume those of you in the U.S. have heard of the case of the Jena 6, the six black students in Jena, Louisiana accused of beating a white student. The first link takes you to a good, detailed overview of the incident and the subsequent controversy. If you want to show a brief news clip about such an event, you can search the video sections of news sites such as ABC or CNN. This link takes you to a number of Jena 6 video clips from such a search at ABC News. This link is to one of the many accompanying stories in which two nooses were found hanging from the back of a pickup truck. [added 11/17/07]

Prices paid for paintings by Whites and Black - Discrimination and inequalities can show up in all kinds of places. [added 7/14/07]

"Reducing the racial achievement gap: A social-psychological intervention" - This is a fascinating study from Cohen et al. in which a racial performance gap was significantly reduced through a 15-minute intervention at the beginning of a course. [added 7/6/07]

"I can instantly tell whether...blackdar" - an amusing article from the satirical online newspaper The Onion [added 12/31/06]

The effects of Brown vs. Board of Education - a research report from The Federal Reserve Board that "finds that dismissal of a court-ordered desegregation plan results in a gradual, moderate increase in racial segregation and an increase in black dropout rates and black private school attendance" [added 2/22/06]

Brazil's first black television channel - story (2005) from The Guardian [added 1/14/06]

"Looting" vs. "Finding" - By now, many of you, particularly in the U.S., have probably seen the photos and heard the debate about captions of "looting" applied to images of blacks in the Katrina aftermath and captions of "finding" or other less criminal description applied to whites. The first link above provides two sets of such images that have circulated quite widely. Includes some good possible rationale for the captions, including the rationale provided by the photographers. [added 1/9/06]

"An empirical analysis of 'acting white'" - Research report by Roland G. Fryer, Jr. and Paul Torelli [added 1/2/06]

"Names, expectations and the Black-White test score gap" - Fascinating study comparing teacher expectations towards siblings whose names varied in the degree to which they were associated with low-socioeconomic status which was usually associated with race. For example, low-socioeconomic names by the author's measure included ones that had certain prefixes (e.g., lo, da), certain suffixes (e.g., isha or ious), included apostrophes (e.g., Da'Quan or Chlo'e), and scored at least 20 points in Scrabble (i.e., were long names with a number of unusual letters, e.g., Jazzmyn). [added 9/20/05]

"Slavery and the Making of America" - I enjoyed this 2005 show on PBS. Resources related to it, including slave narratives, can be found at this site. [added 6/17/05]

Race and Place - This project presents the history of racial segregation laws (Jim Crow laws) in Charlottesville, Virginia. [added 12/1/04]

The Legacy of Blackface - "In a two-part report for The Tavis Smiley Show, producer Roy Hurst explores the roots of blackface minstrelry, and how the legacy of the act still haunts some forms of black popular entertainment today." Includes audio and images -- from NPR. [added 7/1/04]

The civil rights work of Bob Moses - an extensive lesson plan and resources built around this episode from Now with Bill Moyers [added 4/06/04]

"'I Will be Heard!': Abolitionism in America" - an historical site with lots of material from the Cornell University Library [added 11/11/03]

"The Least of My Brothers" - This freely available online short course on research ethics from the Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics and American Institutions at Indiana University-Bloomington describes the famous PHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee. "From 1932 to 1972, 399 poor black sharecroppers in Macon County, Alabama were denied treatment for syphilis and deceived by physicians of the United States Public Health Service. As part of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, designed to document the natural history of the disease, these men were told that they were being treated for 'bad blood.' In fact, government officials went to extreme lengths to ensure that they received no therapy from any source. As reported by the New York Times on 26 July 1972, the Tuskegee Syphilis Study was revealed as 'the longest nontherapeutic experiment on human beings in medical history.'" [added 7/16/03]

"A House Divided" - "A Teaching Guide on the History of Civil Rights in Louisiana" from the Southern Institute for Education and Research at Tulane University

"When the Future was Past" - a discussion guide on the Plessey decision by the U. S. Supreme Court that legalized segregation in 1896 (from the Southern Institute for Education and Research at Tulane University)

Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement - travel to 41 different historic sites to learn about the role of each in the movement

Asian

"South Koreans struggle with race" - [added 1/18/10]

Attractive girl mimed Olympics ceremony song - You may have heard about this -- the young girl who sang a song as part of the Olympics was not deemed attractive enough to be on display, so a more attractive girl replaced her on stage and mimed the song. [added 10/11/08]

Dispelling myths about Asian-Americans - A research brief from the Higher Education Research Institute at UCLA -- "In sum, the freshman trends examined in this report help to address several myths about the Asian American college student population. Th e examined trends do not support popular claims that Asian Americans are enjoying unprecedented, collective (or universal) academic success in U.S. higher education." [added 12/9/07]

Attitudes between citizens of neighboring Asian countries - A survey from the Pew Research Center - "There is a good deal of dislike, if not outright hostility, in how the publics of major Asian countries view their neighbors. The deepest divides exist between traditional rivals - roughly seven-in-ten Japanese express an unfavorable view of China and an equal number of Chinese dislike Japan. Similarly, most Indians have an unfavorable view of Pakistan and most Pakistanis hold negative views about India." [added 12/30/06]

Asian Pacific Americans on prime-time TV - "This pioneer study, Asian Pacific Americans in Prime Time: Lights, Camera and Little Action, systematically investigates the portrayal of APIAs on prime time television. Because series’ regulars characters are the most desirable roles for television actors and the types of characters that audiences identify and connect with most, this study analyzes the regular characters for each series, drawing on the networks’ own promotional web pages as well as actual recorded episodes. In addition to comparisons of characters by race and gender, this study takes a unique approach by comparing roles portrayed by monoracial versus multiracial APIA actors. This sampling procedure captures a variety of characters (APIA, ethnically ambiguous, and white) and allows for a more open interpretation of racial/ethnic categories in terms of representations of the APIA community on prime time television." [added 9/20/05]

The Fred Korematsu Story (Japanese internment) - "Fred Korematsu was probably never more American than when he resisted, and then challenged in court, the forced internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II. Korematsu lost his landmark Supreme Court case in 1944, but never his indignation and resolve. OF CIVIL WRONGS AND RIGHTS is the untold history of the 40-year legal fight to vindicate Korematsu — one that finally turned a civil injustice into a civil rights victory." This site accompanies a P.O.V. show that aired in 2001. [added 8/30/05]

"We the people: Asians in the United States" - report from the Census Bureau [added 3/20/05]

Australian

Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission - a considerable number of good resources here, general and Australian-specific, under topics such as racial discrimination and sex discrimination [added 7/16/03]

Chinese

"The Chinese in California: 1850-1925" - another good historical site from The Library of Congress' American Memory Project [added 7/21/03]

"Becoming American: The Chinese Experience" - a website accompanying the program from a PBS Bill Moyers' special -- read personal stories and eyewitness accounts [added 7/21/03]

Hispanic

American Latino heritage - "Since the age of exploration, Latino peoples have played a profoundly important role in American history, contributing to and shaping the rich heritage of the United States in many ways for some 500 years. Explore their stories and their legacy by visiting the units of the National Park System and places listed in the National Register of Historic Places, most of which are designated as National Historic Landmarks, throughout the nation featured in this itinerary." [added 1/1/13]

Boston's Latino community history - [added 1/1/13]

"Majority of Latinos now favor gay marriage" - quite a jump from just six years ago [added 1/1/13]

Judge blocks naming street for Cesar Chavez - [added 8/20/11]

The increasing proportion of Latinos in the U.S. - This is a study which finds that "Latino children now constitute a majority or near majority of first graders in nine of the nation's largest cities." Here is a report which finds "Hispanics become more prevalent on college campuses." [4/1/09]

Immigration issue - Here's a lot of background information, polling data, etc. on the topic of immigration from the Public Agenda. [added 7/6/06]

Characteristics of "unauthorized migrant population in the U.S." - a report from the Pew Hispanic Center [added 7/6/06]

"Legal immigrants strongly oppose ... immigration proposals" - a poll from the Center for American Progress [added 7/6/06]

"Does inequality matter to individual welfare?" - interesting economic analysis of the relationship between inequality and happiness in Latin America [added 6/17/05]

Pew Hispanic Center - The Center provides a large number of reports, surveys and links related to Hispanic life and impact in the U.S. [added 3/2/05]

Hispanic Fact Pack (2004) - excellent supplement to Advertising Age with lots of information and examples of advertising, marketing and media for the Hispanic market [added 12/1/04]

Indian

India's first transgender TV host - "Her forthcoming show, called 'Yours, Rose,' will be a venue to debate all kinds of socially taboo topics." [added 3/23/08]

Widows in India flock to city to die - Sad story of how, "ostracized by society, thousands of India's widows flock to the holy city of Vrindavan waiting to die." [added 9/30/07]

India's lower castes and jobs - article about affirmative action efforts for those often shunned in India's society [added 9/30/07]

The Sikh turban - "The purpose of this essay is to examine how the turban has transformed from a sacred piece of attire for Sikhs to a target for discriminatory conduct and an object of marginalization after 9/11." [added 7/7/07]

India's "Untouchables" - report (1999) from the Human Rights Watch - "Broken People: Caste Violence Against India’s 'Untouchables'”

Islamic/Arab

"In Britain, big uptick in anti-Muslim hate crimes" - [added 2/20/14]

Muslims still aren't Americans - good essay describing a continuing strong bias against Muslims in the U.S. [added 8/19/13]

Pro-Muslim subway ads in New York City - [added 1/1/13]

Double standard for Muslims in America? - a disturbing story told by Glenn Greenwald [added 1/1/13]

Silencing Muslims - A Muslim writer talks about his experiences. [added 1/1/13]

State support for religious schools, as long as they aren't Islamic - Warning: Giant picture ahead! [added 1/1/13]

NYPD shows recruits radical Islam video - I linked to FBI training that included anti-Islam/Muslim propaganda. Here is some from the NYPD: "A movie about radical Islam was shown to nearly 1,500 NYPD recruits for up to a year of their training, The New York Times reported Tuesday. Police chiefs originally said the film, called The Third Jihad and promoting an image of American Muslims as radicalized, had been mistakenly screened 'a couple of times.' But documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Law show it had been shown "on a continuous loop" for up to a year of training." [added 7/1/12]

Florida Family Association attacks Muslim TV show - Here is the website of the organization that is one of the primary instigators of the withdrawal of some advertisers from the TV show All-American Muslim. The site states, "The show profiles only Muslims that appear to be ordinary folks while excluding many Islamic believers whose agenda poses a clear and present danger to liberties and traditional values that the majority of Americans cherish." See The Daily Showtake on it here. [added 1/29/12]

Have American Muslims become more alienated and extreme? - They have not according to a new report from the Pew Research Center. Related to that, this link takes you to an article reporting on a New York Times/CBS poll that found that more than 75% of Americans believe "that Muslims, Arab Americans and immigrants from the Middle East get unfairly singled out in the United States."
[added 1/29/12]

"The roots of the Islamophobia network in America" - a detailed report from the Center for American Progress on how Islamophobia has been funded and disseminated in America [added 1/29/12]

Juan Williams fired from NPR for remarks on Muslims - Probably just about everyone in this country is aware of the firing of Juan Williams from his NPR position for comments he made on the TV show The O'Reilly Factor. Not surprisingly, a lot of the press about his comments only provides certain snippets. It is always worthwhile to read or hear the entire conversation. So, the first link above is to a transcript of the entire segment. Are Williams' words bigoted? Here is an essay on the topic by Glenn Greenwald. [added 12/19/10]

Reducing Islamophobia - This interesting essay examines how homophobia has been reduced in the U.S. (despite stories below) and attempts to suggest how these processes might apply to reducing Islamophobia.
[added 12/19/10]

Merkel: Multicultural society has failed - That is the German Chancellor claiming that attempts to build a multicultural society in Germany have not worked. [added 12/18/10]

French pass ban on facial veils - "The French Senate on Tuesday overwhelmingly passed a bill banning the burqa-style Islamic veil on public streets and other places, a measure that affects less than 2,000 women but that has been widely seen as a symbolic defense of French values." Is this a defense of values or an attack on a group? Is this pro-women or anti-women? [added 10/23/10]

Expressions of Anti-Islam hate and pushbacks against it - [added 10/23/10]

"Can implicit religious bias affect jury verdicts?" - "Homaidan Al-Turki, a Saudi Arabian citizen pursuing his doctoral degree in Colorado, was on trial in Colorado for assaulting his housekeeper. As the jury was sworn in, one juror indicated he might believe a Muslim would more likely break the law under certain circumstances. Al-Turki's lawyer asked if he could probe further, but the judge said no. During the trial, the prosecutor showed the jury a mannequin dressed in 'Muslim women’s clothing.' Allusions were made to Osama bin Laden, Ramadan, and 9/11. The jury convicted and Al-Turki was sentenced to 28 years in prison." [added 10/23/10]

Anti-mosque protests across the U.S. - It's not just at ground zero. [added 10/23/10]

Objections to Muslim Americans building places of worship - [added 7/14/10]

"Islamophobia and anti-Muslim hate crime" - a case study in London [added 7/13/10]

Americans prejudiced towards Muslims, Jews - "A poll about Americans' views on Islam concludes that the strongest predictor of prejudice against Muslims is whether a person holds similar feelings about Jews." [added 2/7/10]

Banning the full facial veil in France - "A fractured panel of French legislators endorsed the idea of a ban on full facial veils in government offices, public hospitals and mass transit, while the Parliament remains deeply divided over the effectiveness and constitutionality of such a law." [added 2/7/10]

Students sent home for wearing "Islam is of the devil" shirts - Read the story and watch some fascinating video of 10- and 15-year old students explaining why they wore the shirts to school. [added 1/18/10]

"Muslims in America" - interesting report from Contexts Magazine [3/30/09]

Rachel Ray a terrorist? - "Dunkin' Donuts yanks Rachel Ray ad" in which "the domestic diva wears a scarf that looks like a keffiyeh, a traditional headdress worn by Arab men." [6/20/08]

Muslim integration - a series of seven papers addressing issues related to Muslim integration in Europe and the U.S., from the Center for Strategic and International Studies [added 12/9/07]

"The headscarf as threat?" - interesting article in which the author compares "how American and German judges conceptualize the harm the headscarf poses to society" [added 9/30/07]

"Knuckle-dragging savages from the 10th century?" - Here's an interesting case for consideration: Don Imus' comments drew an enormous amount of media attention and cost him his job. But how many of you have even heard of the comments made Fox's John Gibson? Why does one get enormous attention and the other get ignored? Talk amongst yourselves. [added 7/14/07]

"Arab attitudes towards U.S. more negative" - from a new Zogby poll [added 12/31/06]

Six Muslim clerics removed from plane - You probably heard about this one. Lots of good social psych elements involved. In fact, do you remember in grade school when the teacher would write "Happy Thanksgiving" or something on the board and then give you 30 minutes to come up with as many words out of those letters as you could? Well, give your students this story later in the semester and ask them to see how many concepts they can apply. [added 12/31/06]

Muslim civil rights in the U.S. in 2005 - A report from the Council on Islamic-American Relations describes "incidents and experiences of anti-Muslim violence, discrimination and harassment in 2005." [added 12/31/06]

Sydney (Australia) riots
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_Cronulla_race_riots
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3491299.stm
two examples of prejudice-related violence from Australia [added 7/5/06]

Arabs in the United States - a report from the U.S. Census Bureau entitled "We the people of Arab ancestry in the United States" [added 6/20/05]

A Muslim response to 9/11 - "The following web page is produced through the cooperation of over 50 professors of Islamic Studies and Middle Eastern Studies from the US and Canada. These scholars are members of the Study of Islam section at the American Academy of Religion, the largest international organization responsible for the academic study of religion." Lots of articles, statements and images. [added 12/1/04]

Campus Watch - An interesting and provocative website has just been posted by the Middle East Forum. It will be monitoring faculty and academic institutions to see how they handle Middle Eastern and Islamic issues. It plans to do so because there is a problem. The "problem," according to this website is that "American scholars of the Middle East, to varying degrees, reject the views of most Americans and the enduring policies of the U.S. government about the Middle East over a dozen administrations." One cause of this "bias" is that "academics seem generally to dislike their own country and think even less of American allies abroad." "Dossiers" of problematic faculty and institutions are posted on the website to "address the root of the problem: the professorate." [added 11/7/02]

Italian

The "Guido" stereotype on the TV show "Jersey Shore" - [added 3/7/10]

Japanese

Japanese-American internment - Another exhibit, "Exploring the Japanese American internment through film and the Internet," exploring... well, you can read. [added 7/7/07]

"Suffering Under a Great Injustice" - Here you will find a large collection of Ansel Adams' photographs of Japanese-American internment at Manzanar - perhaps you can incorporate some of these images into a lecture or send students to analyze them in some manner [added 6/6/02]

"Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution" - excellent multimedia-rich site that explores the period of Japanese internment with images, music, text and first-person accounts - produced by Smithsonian, it contains over 800 artifacts that can be browsed

Jewish

Center for Jewish History - The Center provides a huge, digital collection of photos, manuscripts, oral histories, and more. [added 8/19/13]

"Chiune Sugihara: Japanese diplomat who saved 6000 Jews during Holocaust" - [added 8/19/13]

Preventing genocide - The U.S. Memorial Holocaust Museum has put together a good set of resources on genocide including a description of countries that are at risk today. [added 7/13/10]

Americans prejudiced towards Muslims, Jews - "A poll about Americans' views on Islam concludes that the strongest predictor of prejudice against Muslims is whether a person holds similar feelings about Jews." Here is the survey itself. [added 2/7/10]

"Facebook under fire for allowing Holocaust deniers" - [added 7/11/09]

Holocaust denial - a pamphlet from the Jewish Virtual Library describing this propaganda movement [4/1/09]

"Resisting Nazi propaganda in Southern California 1933-1945" - an extensive collection of materials from the California State University, Northridge Library [4/1/09]

Fight anti-Semitism with Facebook - That is the suggestion Israeli President Shimon Peres gave at a youth conference. [added 4/14/08]

"The silent stereotype" - interesting blog about a Anti-Defamation League survey of American attitudes towards Jews in America and related topics, and its relationship to the courtroom [added 12/9/07]

"America and the Holocaust" - a website accompanying the film "America and the Holocaust" which contains a lot of resources including a complete transcript and links to many of the primary resources [added 9/30/07]

Violent neo-Nazi group - A report from the Anti-Defamation League: "Volksfront, a virulently racist and anti-Semitic group comprised mostly of neo-Nazi skinheads, is growing in prominence in the United States and internationally, with chapters in Canada, Spain, Australia Germany and Portugal." [added 7/16/07]

A story of Jewish refugees fleeing war-torn Europe - An exhibit, "Flight and rescue," from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum that tells the story of 2100 Jewish refugees who escaped with the help of a Dutch businessman and a Japanese diplomat. [added 7/06/07]

Kristallnacht exhibition - From the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, this online exhibition "Kristallnacht: The November 1938 pogroms" describes the destruction and intimidation from that "night of broken glass." [added 12/29/06]

"Letters from Sala: A young woman's life in Nazi labor camps" - This exhibition of text, letters and images telling the story of a young girl (she was 16 when it began) who survived five years in seven different camps comes from the New York Public Library. [added 12/26/06]

"Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State" - site accompanying the 2005 PBS show [added 6/17/05]

Holocaust and genocide - good set of resources/links put together by Linda Woolf [added 6/17/05]

"Report on global anti-Semitism" - from the U.S. Department of State [added 3/20/05]

60th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz - lots of good material related to Auschwitz from BBC News [added 3/20/05]

350 years of Jewish life in America - an exhibition from the Library of Congress [added 12/1/04]

The Holocaust Martyrs'... [added 6/9/04]

"Telling Their Stories: Oral History of the Holocaust" - "Read, watch and listen to interviews of Holocaust survivors conducted by high school students." [added 11/11/03]

Holocaust denial - well-designed site that chronicles and analyzes the libel trial of David Irving, "a British Holocaust denier," against "American professor Deborah Lipstadt and her British publisher, Penguin Books" - interesting look into deniers' motives and thinking [added 7/21/03]

The Holocaust - lots of resources and links related to the Holocaust [added 11/7/02]

"Voices of the Holocaust" - a new project from The British Library that includes audio and written recordings from survivors who live in Great Britain [added 3/6/02]

Holocaust teaching guide - hundreds of images, videos and other resources

Holocaust links - extensive set of links to Holocaust memorials, museums and other resources

"Deathly Silence: Everyday People in the Holocaust" - instructional materials from the Southern Institute for Education and Research at Tulane University

Native American

November is National American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month - The Scout Report serves up a lot of good resources for the topic [added 2/20/14]

Native American mascots in schools and sports - Sam Sommers provides some good commentary on related events and research on the question of whether the use of Native American mascots is harmful or helpful. [added 7/1/12]

Native Americans' portrayal in the media - The Reading Red Report is a "content analysis of general-audience newspapers in circulation areas with high percentages of Native Americans." [4/1/09]

"Indian country diaries" - a website to accompany PBS films on contemporary life of Native Americans [added 11/17/07]

Famous Native American speech - This speech, delivered by Wampsutta in 1970, apparently sparked the convening of the National Day of Mourning. Read about both here. [added 12/31/06]

Native American Stereotypes in the Media - examples of how Native Americans are sometimes portrayed in the media [added 11/7/02]

Gender-based Prejudice

Saudi women defy driving ban - The first link is to the story about dozens of women defying the ban. Here is a Saudi activist's satirical song about the situation. [added 2/20/14]

"Nearly 100% of women in jobs that typically pay men more" - [added 7/29/13]

Should adult males be allowed to sit next to unattended children on planes? - Story of a male nurse who was asked to move to another seat. H/T to Dennis Dew. [added 1/1/13]

Gender wage gap by occupation - a 2012 report on 2011 data from the Institute for Women's Policy Research [added 7/1/12]

Afghan school girls poisoned - "More than 120 schoolgirls and three teachers have been poisoned in the second attack in as many months blamed on conservative radicals in the country's north, Afghan police and education officials said on Wednesday. The attack occurred in Takhar province where police said that radicals opposed to education of women and girls had used an unidentified toxic powder to contaminate the air in classrooms. Scores of students were left unconscious." [added 6/29/12]

Afghan girls pay for elders' misdeeds - [added 6/29/12]

Legal barriers to economic inclusion for women - "Women, Business and the Law 2012: Removing Barriers to Economic Inclusion finds that while 36 economies reduced legal differences between men and women, 103 out of 141 economies studied still impose legal differences on the basis of gender in at least one of the report’s key indicators. The report also identifies 41 law and regulatory reforms enacted between June 2009 and March 2011 that could enhance women’s economic opportunities." [added 1/29/12]

Corrective rape - "A 24-year-old who was stabbed to death in South Africa is the victim of "corrective rape," gay rights activists said Thursday, a crime where men attack lesbians in an attempt to reverse their sexual orientation." [added 8/20/11]

"Iceland: The world's most feminist country" - I think it would be interesting to ask students or anyone what they think would make a country "female-friendly." Or male-friendly. [added 7/14/10]

"Rescuing girls from sex slavery" - a very compelling story from India [added 7/13/10]

"Turkish girl, 16, buried alive for talking to boys" - [added 3/7/10]

"The look of young Hollywood" - "This month Vanity Fair magazine released their Young Hollywood issue, featuring celebrities that they proclaim are the new wave in Hollywood. However, a quick glance at the cover reveals that their selections seem to be particularly homogenous: all of the picks are attractive, thin, white, and female." [added 3/7/10]

In UK, call to ban race and gender info in CVs - [added 2/7/10]

Pay inequality in the workplace - research in the UK on disparities between men and women in terms of pay [added 1/18/10]

Why are there so few female chess champions? - This is a clever study and an excellent example of stereotype threat. "Forty-two male-female pairs, matched for ability, played two chess games via the Internet. When players were unaware of the sex of opponent (control condition), females played approximately as well as males. When the gender stereotype was activated (experimental condition), women showed a drastic performance drop, but only when they were aware that they were playing against a male opponent. When they (falsely) believed to be playing against a woman, they performed as well as their male opponents. In addition, our findings suggest that women show lower chess-specific self-esteem and a weaker promotion focus, which are predictive of poorer chess performance." [added 1/18/10]

Discrimination in coffee shops - an example of a field study -- it finds that women have to wait an average of 20 second longer than men for their orders [added 12/16/07]

"Korea's 'best mom' chosen as face of new currency" - Interesting story -- "South Korea's central bank on Monday chose the face of Korean motherhood as the first woman to be featured on its banknotes, but women's rights groups say the selection only reinforces sexist stereotypes." [added 12/15/07]

Widows in India flock to city to die - Sad story of how, "ostracized by society, thousands of India's widows flock to the holy city of Vrindavan waiting to die." [added 9/30/07]

Women earn less than men - Here's the report from the American Association of University Women that has made the news in the U.S. It finds that "just one year out of college, women working full time already earn less than their male colleagues, even when they work in the same field. Ten years after graduation, the pay gap widens." [added 7/14/07]

Violence against girls - A report from the 51st U.N. Commission on the Status of Women -- it includes separate reports on violence against schoolgirls, violence against child domestic workers, and violence against girls in conflict with the law. [added 7/7/07]

"Women lose ground in the new Iraq" - [added 12/30/06]

Stereotype threat -- women and math -This press release describes some interesting research. Here are some materials related to the research. [added 12/31/06]

"No job for a woman" - an exhibition and resources on "the effects of war on women's lives during the 20th and 21st centuries" -- from the Imperial War Museum [added 12/26/06]

"Visible invisibility: Women of color in law firms" - report from the American Bar Association Commission on Women in the Profession [added 12/26/06]

Barriers to women's advancement in the workplace - From Catalyst, here is the executive summary of "Different cultures, similar perceptions: Stereotyping of Western European business leaders," and the full report. [added 7/6/06]

"Female pols suffer from 'face-ism'" - "Successful female politicians face a number of obstacles that don't burden their male peers. One of these, a new University of Michigan study shows, is "face-ism"—a tendency to emphasize women's bodies rather than their faces." Press release of research conducted at the Univ. of Michigan -- scroll down page to find a link to an Excel spreadsheet of the data [added 1/11/06]

"Economic benefits of marriage under federal and Connecticut law" - "This study focuses specifically on the economic costs under federal and Connecticut law borne by same-sex couples who are not able to legally marry, compared to their married opposite-sex counterparts. A focus on economic issues quantitatively illustrates how same-sex couples are discriminated against by not being allowed to access the benefits, protections, and responsibilities only granted through equal access to civil marriage." [added 6/20/05]

Discrimination against women - From the United Nations, "The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly, is often described as an international bill of rights for women. Consisting of a preamble and 30 articles, it defines what constitutes discrimination against women and sets up an agenda for national action to end such discrimination." [added 6/20/05]

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): NOCIRC - The link is to NOCIRC, an "educational non-profit organization committed to securing the birthright of male, female, and intersex children and babies to keep their sex organs intact." [added 3/30/04]

Repression of Women in Afghanistan - "'We want to live as humans:' Repression of women and girls in Western Afghanistan" is a report from the Human Rights Watch. [added 2/4/03]

Sexual Orientation-based Prejudice

The response to India's recriminalization of homosexual behavior - The first link is to the India court's ruling, and here is some response to it. [added 2/20/14]

"She's bi, get over it" - interesting essay from a bisexual about her experience [added 2/20/14]

"He's tough enough to be a sissy in Wyoming" - fascinating story [added 2/20/14]

Anti-gay discrimination in rental housing market - from Housing and Urban Development (HUD) study [added 8/19/13]

First openly gay athlete in a major U.S. team sport - Jason Collins, who plays in the National Basketball Association, just came out. Other retired players have come out before, but he is the first active player. In a male team sport, that is. Women have come out before, but that doesn't count. [added 8/19/13]

"Homo nest raided, queen bees are stinging mad" - That is the headline of a New York Daily News article in 1969. Interesting to see how stories like these were reported in the past. [added 8/19/13]

Homophobia Twitter tracker - Someone created software that tracks how often terms like "faggot," "dyke," and "so gay" are used on Twitter. The word "faggot" is used nearly one million times a month. [added 1/1/13]

"Federal anti-gay hate crimes law gets first test in Kentucky" - [added 7/1/12]


"APA files two briefs in support of same-sex couples" - [added 7/1/12]

"Is homophobia disappearing?" - "Sociologist Mark McCormack says it is -- in the U.K., at least -- and that it's revolutionizing male friendships." [added 7/1/12]

Promulgating false information about gays - Among a few of Tennessee state senator Stacey Campfield's comments about gays: "Most people realize that AIDS came from the homosexual community — it was one guy screwing a monkey, if I recall correctly, and then having sex with men. It was an airline pilot, if I recall.” “My understanding is that it is virtually — not completely, but virtually — impossible to contract AIDS through heterosexual sex…very rarely [transmitted].” [added 7/1/12]

Greater acceptance by Americans of gays and lesbians - survey says [added 1/29/12]

"Born this way" - "A photo/essay project for gay adults (of all genders) to submit childhood pictures and stories (roughly ages 2 to 12), reflecting memories and early beginnings of their innate LGBTQ selves. Nurture allows what nature endows. And it's their nature, their truth!" Lots of good examples.
[added 1/29/12]

"Employers less likely to interview openly gay candidates" - "For the study, Tilcsik sent two fictitious but realistic resumes to more than 1,700 entry-level, white collar job openings -- positions such as managers, business and financial analysts, sales representatives, customer service representatives, and administrative assistants. The two resumes were very similar in terms of the applicant's qualifications, but one resume for each opening mentioned that the applicant had been part of a gay organization in college. The results showed that applicants without the gay signal had an 11.5 percent chance of being called for an interview. However, gay applicants had only a 7.2 percent chance. That difference amounts to a 40 percent higher chance of the heterosexual applicant getting a call."
[added 1/29/12]

First openly gay NBA executive - Apparently the first executive in any sport to come out
[added 1/29/12]

Elmhurst College first in U.S. to ask prospective students if LGBT - The College is seeking diversity on campus. [added 1/29/12]

How many gays and lesbians are there? - This blog entry reviews a Gallup poll of Americans on this question. However, I would suggest there is an anchoring effect. The scale is skewed so much towards the higher responses that it is not surprising that participants apparently overestimated the number. [added 8/20/11]

U.S.: "Most say homosexuality should be accepted by society" - a report/survey from the Pew Research Center [added 8/20/11]

Can't discuss that some people are homosexuals - "A bill passed Friday by the Tennessee Senate would forbid public school teachers and students in grades kindergarten through eight from discussing the fact that some people are gay." [added 8/20/11]


More prejudice when gay men reveal orientation early in interaction - When males (but not females) heard a male in an interview reveal that he is gay early in a set of questions rather than later in the set of questions the male participant "reported more frustration at having to meet the man, more negative expectations for how the meeting would go, and more negative prejudice towards gay people generally." The male participant did not express this prejudice if he had even a little time to get to know the person first. [added 8/20/11]

"Gay suicide risk in the U.S. by region" - [added 8/20/11]

"First openly transgender man to play on a Division 1 basketball team" - [added 12/19/10]


School board member "wants gays dead" - An Arkansas school board member posts very offensive messages on his Facebook page. Here is a report describing reaction to his posts. Here is a video from Anderson Cooper's TV show in which he apparently gets the board member to resign.
[added 12/19/10]

Gay teens attempt suicide because they know they are abnormal - so says Family Research Council President Tony Perkins
[added 12/19/10]

Follow-up: Lesbian students gets $35,000 settlement for canceled prom - [added 10/23/10]

"Mississippi prom canceled after lesbian date request" - The first link takes you to the initial story about the school district which called off its prom rather than allowing a girl to escort her same-sex date. Here is a story about the ruling by a judge that the teen's rights were violated, but that the prom was still canceled. [added 7/14/10]


Argentina gay marriage law - first Latin American country to approve same sex marriage [added 10/23/10]

"Gay teen worried he might be Christian" - very amusing Onion article [added 2/7/10]

"Mexico City enacts first gay marriage law" - Mexico City "hopes to attract same-sex couples from around the world to wed" ... but... [added 2/7/10]

"Married Malawian gay couple face test" - ...not so much in Malawi. [added 2/7/10]

"Italy 'to open first prison for transgender inmates'" - [added 2/7/10]

Formal religion's response to same-sex unions/marriages and "reparative therapy" - A good essay from David Myers [added 1/19/10]

Africa and homosexuality - Is Africa being "plunged" into a "new era of hate crimes," and is the Christian right playing a role in that? This article focuses on Uganda's anti-homosexuality bill and similar activity in other African countries. [added 1/18/10]

The first gay marriage in Latin America - "Two Argentinians will this week become the first gay couple in Latin America to get married, following a three-year campaign that pitted politician against politician, overturned laws and angered millions of Catholics." [added 1/18/10]

In UK, heterosexual couple denied civil union - The couple applied in London for a civil union, but was turned down "because UK law bans opposite-sex civil partnerships." [added 1/18/10]

"Majority of workers still hide sexual orientation, gender identity at work" - report from the Human Rights Campaign [added 1/18/10]

"Psychologists repudiate gay-to-straight therapy" - [added 1/18/10]

Reducing homophobia through the "Alien-Nation" - This fascinating study uses a clever simulation in which half the participants "formed groups of four to five members and imagined landing on an alien planet that's populated by aliens who look exactly like humans, but who don't allow any public displays of affection, and live in same-sex housing and reproduce by artificial insemination.... A re-test of the participants' attitudes towards homosexuality showed that those in the Alien-Nation group were more able to take the perspective of homosexuals, than were the control participants, and this in turn was associated with more empathy towards people who are homosexual, a greater tendency to think of homosexuals and heterosexuals as all belonging to the same category (being human) and ultimately to more positive attitudes towards people who are homosexual. The Alien condition participants' attitudes also remained more positive compared with controls at one week follow-up." [added 1/18/10]

It has been fascinating to watch how rapidly, in some sense, the acceptance of gays and lesbians has grown worldwide, and at times from unexpected quarters. For example,

Lutherans allow gay and lesbian clergy - [added 1/18/10]

"Episcopal church moves to accept more gays and lesbians" - [added 1/18/10]

"Quakers 'to allow gay marriages'" - [added 1/18/10]

"Australia votes to recognise same-sex unions" - [added 1/18/10]

"India decriminalizes gay sex" - [added 1/18/10]

"Albania to 'approve gay marriage'" - Yes, Albania! "Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha has announced his party will propose a law legalising same-sex marriage. It is an unexpected move in a country that is still one of the most conservative in Europe and where homosexuality was illegal until 1995." [added 1/18/10]

On the other hand, there is still a great deal of prejudice. For example

New law makes homosexual behavior illegal - [added 1/18/10]

Two gay men kicked out of restaurant for kissing - [added 1/18/10]


Sex reassignment cases - The first transgender example: "Through reconstructive surgeries, electrolysis, laser procedures and voice lessons, Henry Joseph became Jennifer Elizabeth, known as Jenny. She is a practicing family physician in Nashua, New Hampshire." This link takes you to the story of Chastity Bono, daughter of Cher and Sonny Bono, who now goes by Chaz. [added 7/11/09]

Does exposing children to homosexuals put them in harm's way? - One judge said so. But that ruling was overturned by the Georgia State Supreme Court. "The Fayette County judge's prohibition 'assumes, without evidentiary support, that the children will suffer harm from any such contact,' Benham wrote. But there is no evidence that any member of the gay and lesbian community has engaged in inappropriate conduct in the presence of the children or that the children would be adversely affected by being exposed to members of that community, he said." [added 7/11/09]

"Simply knowing gay people helps, but isn't enough" - interesting blog entry from Beyond Homophobia [added 7/11/09]

The threat of gay marriage - View the anti-gay ad "The Gathering Storm" and read some analysis of it. [added 7/11/09]

"That's so gay" in the UK - story about how the phrase is used in the UK [added 7/11/09]

Iraqi gay men face "lives of hell" - [added 7/11/09]

"Raped and killed for being a lesbian" - in South Africa [4/1/09]

Football (soccer) stars "to tackle homophobia with video" - If anyone in the UK ever sees this video I would love to hear about it. Or, if it ever appears online could you pass along the link? Thanks. [4/1/09]

Ban freshmen from sidewalks - amusing take on Proposition 8 (in California) at Princeton [4/1/09]

"U.S. balks at decriminalizing homosexuality" - "Alone among major Western nations, the United States has refused to sign a declaration presented Thursday at the United Nations calling for worldwide decriminalization of homosexuality. In all, 66 of the U.N.'s 192 member countries signed the nonbinding declaration - which backers called a historic step to push the General Assembly to deal more forthrightly with any-gay discrimination. More than 70 U.N. members outlaw homosexuality, and in several of them homosexual acts can be punished by execution." [4/1/09]

First openly transgender mayor in U.S. - [3/30/09]

The gay Bradley effect? - Follow a link above (under African) to some discussion of whether the (Black) Bradley effect would make an appearance in the 2008 U.S. presidential race. Here is some discussion of whether or not there was a gay Bradley effect in the California Proposition 8 vote. [3/30/09]

Australian govemment limits same-sex discrimination - [3/30/09]

APA to take lead on reducing discrimination against "gender-variant" - [added 10/11/08]

"Majority of voters could support openly gay presidential candidate" - [added 10/11/08]

In 2008 news there has been some encouraging evidence around the world of some change in attitudes towards the LGBT community:

"Bahrain recognizes sex change" - "It took Zainab Rabie three years to become a man as the law would have it. After a long legal battle, the Arab island country of Bahrain finally recognized Rabie, 34, as a man. Rabie was born an intersexual, with anatomy that is characteristically both male and female." [added 8/18/08]

Thailand: School introduces toilets for transvestites - [added 8/18/08]

Norway grants marriage equality to same-sex couples - [added 8/18/08]

"Same-sex marriages performed in Greece" - "Defying governmental wrath, the mayor of a remote Greek island performed the country's first same-sex marriages on Tuesday, wedding two men and two women." [added 8/18/08]

California allows same-sex marriage - an interesting blog entry responding to the California decision [added 8/18/08]

The U.S. Supreme Court and same-sex sex - a good review of court cases related to the legality of private sexual behavior [added 8/18/08]

On the other hand, change is gradual:

U.K.: Heinz withdraws commercial with two men kissing - The first link is to an article about the story; here is the ad. [added 8/18/08]

U.K.: "One in five gay people suffer hate attacks" - a survey in the U.K. [added 8/18/08]

U.S.: The Lawrence King murder - [added 8/18/08]

Northern Ireland: Health chief calls homosexuality an illness - [added 8/18/08]

Paraguay: "Couple cleared of same-sex wedding charges" - "A couple jailed on suspicion of having a same-sex wedding were freed Monday after a doctor determined that the groom is a hermaphrodite." [added 8/18/08]

More research on the gay brain - [added 8/18/08]


"Mexico transgender couple ties the knot, pushes law" - [6/20/08]

"That's so gay" in the UK - an interesting story about how the word "gay" is used by the young to insult others [added 4/25/08]

Gay and hetero couples equally committed - [added 4/14/08]

"Sexual orientation, disclosure, and earnings" - Why do "Gay/bisexual workers tend to earn less than other men?" [added 4/7/08]

India's first transgender TV host - "Her forthcoming show, called 'Yours, Rose,' will be a venue to debate all kinds of socially taboo topics." [added 3/23/08]

Banning transgender discrimination - Michigan governor "adds gender identity to a list of other prohibited grounds for discrimination that includes religion, race, color, national origin, age, sex, sexual orientation, height, weight, marital status, politics, disability or genetic information." [added 12/16/07]

"Film with same-sex parents splits school district" [added 11/17/07]

"Gay or straight? Watch his walk" - describes some interesting research I saw presented at SPSP 2007 [added 11/17/07]

"The science of gaydar" - Here's a very interesting article in The New Yorker describing some research identifying physical characteristics, such as the counterclockwise hair whorl and denser fingerprint ridges, that are more common in gay men than straight men. Here is a research article on the hair whorl. Here is an article looking at the genetic bases of homosexuality. [added 8/05/07]

"4/10 Americans have close friends or relatives who are gay" - survey from Pew Research Center -- "survey finds familiarity is closely linked to greater tolerance" [added 7/16/07]

"Living in the margins" - "Living in the margins: A national survey of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Asian and Pacific Islander Americans" is a report from the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. [added 7/16/07]

Adoption/foster care by homosexual parents in U.S. - a report from the Urban Institute [added 7/14/07]

N.J. third state to offer civil unions [added 7/7/07]

Soy makes you gay! - Did you know?...Read all about it. [added 12/31/06]

"Military personnel are comfortable serving with gay colleagues" - A new poll suggests members of the U.S. armed forces are becoming more comfortable with even openly gay and lesbian colleagues. [added 12/31/06]

Banning of civil unions in Virginia - [added 12/31/06]

"Area homosexual saves four from fire" - An amusing article from the satirical online newspaper The Onion [added 12/31/06]

"Homophobia at 'Hell House'" - "Homophobia at 'Hell House': Literally demonizing lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth" from the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute is a report that "estimates that this Halloween season, 1.6 million people, many of them children as young as 10 years old, will go to 'Hell Houses,' religious alternatives to traditional haunted houses that are designed to scare youth into a "sin-free life." Instead of spooking youth with ghosts and monsters, Hell House tour guides direct them through rooms where violent scenes of damnation for a variety of 'sins' are performed, including scenes where a teenage lesbian is brought to hell after committing suicide and a gay man dying of AIDS is taunted by a demon who screams that the man will be separated from God forever in hell." [added 12/31/06]

7/10 heterosexuals in U.S. know someone that is gay - a survey with some interesting results [added 12/31/06]

Male homosexuality tied to older brothers? - "A new study finds that homosexuality grows more likely with the greater number of biological older brothers-those sharing both father and mother-that a male has." [added 12/26/06]

Beyond Lisping - "The following article, written for a general audience, is about code switching, gay speech styles, and speech characteristics including lisping." [added 1/15/06]

Bullying - "From teasing to torment: New national report on school bullying" is a report from the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. [added 1/13/06]

Same-sex marriage book - Very interesting story involving social psychologist David Myers' new book "What God has joined together? A Christian case for gay marriage," his college, Hope College, and a controversy at the school. Knowing Dave a little bit, I believe he brings the perfect character and temperament to step into such a minefield. I think his estimate of 10 years mentioned in the article is quite optimistic, but as one of the front people for making this argument he will definitely move the discussion forward in a productive manner. It will be interesting to follow the response to his book. [added 9/20/05]

"Gay men and lesbians in the U.S. military" - From the Urban Institute, this new report uses the 2000 census to attempt to estimate the number of homosexuals in the U.S. military and to identify other related information. [added 12/1/04]

Lesbian and gay history in America - This website accompanies the PBS program, "Out of the past: 400 years of lesbian and gay history in America" first aired in 2000. Includes a timeline and other resources.
[added 7/1/04]

Gay rights - special report with a number of related stories from the UK [added 6/9/04]

"Answers to questions about sexual orientation and homosexuality" - The APA provides answers to a variety of questions. [added 3/30/04]

"Healthy Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Students Project" - Project from APA with the mission to "strengthen the capacity of the nation's schools to prevent the behavioral health risks of lesbian, gay, and bisexual students through knowledge development, dissemination, and application, working with and through national organizations of school stakeholders." [added 7/23/03]

"Gay Bears: The Hidden History of the Berkeley Campus" - a collection of information and images about the history of sexual minorities at the University of California, Berkeley [added 2/4/03]

"Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933-1945" - a just-launched online exhibition from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum [added 12/06/02]

International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission - reports on discrimination and abuse worldwide - many such incidences are described here [added 8/28/02]

"Assault on Gay America" - PBS Frontline show on the life and death of Billy Jack Gaither

Disability/Disadvantaged-based Prejudice

Should a student's BMI appear on his/her report card? - a good question to throw out to your students [added 8/20/11]

Negative attitudes towards obesity spreading around the globe - "The researchers surveyed people in Mexico, Argentina, Paraguay, the U.S., and the U.K. Also included were American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and Tanzania -- cultures that have traditionally been thought of as fat-positive. People were asked if they agreed or disagreed with a series of statements about body size. Some statements were fat-negative ('Fat people are lazy'), others were fat-positive ('A big woman is a beautiful woman')." [added 8/20/11]

Are the unemployed being discriminated against? - [added 6/5/11]

Ouch! A disability website - "Ouch! is a website from the BBC that reflects the lives and experiences of disabled people. It has articles, blogs, a very busy messageboard and an award-winning downloadable radio show - The Ouch Podcast). It's aimed at those with a stakehold in disability: family, friends, professionals and, rather importantly, disabled people themselves - without whom all this would be a bit meaningless." [added 6/5/11]

20th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act - The first link is to a lot of good resources from this government site on the Act and its history. Here and here are more stories and experiences about the Act. [added 10/23/10]

The killing of albinos in Africa - A very disturbing story of how many albinos in Africa are being killed for their body parts to be sold to witch doctors because of their supposed special powers -- and I feel strange writing the word "albinos" to describe this group -- should it be capitalized? Is that an acceptable term to describe the group? [added 1/18/10]

The stigma of obesity - [added 1/18/10]

Military develops new program to fight stigma of seeking psychological help - "'You're tough, and you go into the hospital when you receive a physical wound,' said Dr. (Brig. Gen.) Loree K. Sutton, director, of the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury. 'That doesn't mean you're weak in some way. So why wouldn't you seek treatment when you've received a psychological wound?'" Here is a website created to provide resources and to promote the program. [added 7/11/09]

"Special-needs kids abused in schools" - [added 7/11/09]

Disability etiquette - "Tips on interacting with people with disabilities" from the United Spinal Association [3/30/09]

The stigma of mental illness - Article about a survey in Canada -- ""This year's report card shines a harsh, and frankly unflattering, light on the attitudes we Canadians have concerning mental health," said the group's president, Dr. Brian Day, in a release." [added 10/11/08]

Weight discrimination - "Weight discrimination, especially against women, is increasing in U.S. society and is almost as common as racial discrimination, two studies suggest." [6/20/08]

"Weight bias is as prevalent as racial discrimination" - [added 4/25/08]

Banning the feeding of the homeless - You heard me right. "The report details how local governments across the country are using a wide variety of ordinances, policies, and tactics to restrict groups that share food with poor and homeless people." [added 12/16/07]

Hiring obese applicants? - "Evidence of unequal treatment in hiring of obese applicants: A field experiment" is an interesting study conducted in Sweden. [added 7/16/07]

"Ghetto tax" - Study finds that those who live in low-income neighborhoods often pay considerably more for car insurance, groceries and more. [added 7/8/07]

"Ugly girl killed: Nation unshaken by not-so-tragic death" - An amusing article from the satirical online newspaper The Onion [added 12/30/06]

"Rich, poor, see poverty very differently" - a survey conducted by the Marguerite Casey Foundation of "attitudes of Americans, particularly low-income families' attitudes, before and after Hurricane Katrina." [added 1/11/06]

Discrimination against persons with disabilities - report from the U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development [added 1/8/06]

"The disability rights and the independent living movement" - This library collection from the University of California Berkeley contains "primary sources exploring the social and political history of the disability movement from the 1960s to the present," including a large oral history component. [added 12/1/04]

Age-based Prejudice

The changing face of ageism - an excellent Observer article reviews the recent research on ageism. [added 2/20/14]

Stereotype threat for the elderly - Sam Sommers summarizes some interesting, research that found that 70-year-olds only did worse than 20-year-olds on a memory test when they were told it was a memory test rather than a test of language processing and verbal ability. [added 1/29/12]

Health and stereotypes of aging - "Young and middle-aged adults who endorse negative stereotypes about older people display high rates of strokes, heart attacks and other serious heart problems later in life, compared with aging peers who view the elderly in generally positive ways." [added 7/11/09]

More on singlism and the pressure to get married - Not in this article, but notice all the effort to get Susan Boyle hooked up? [added 7/11/09]

Singlism - prejudice and discrimination against singles [6/20/08]

Ageism in America - This is a report from the International Longevity Center documenting and analyzing examples of discrimination based upon age. [added 7/6/06]

Reducing Prejudice

"Responding to hate and bias at school" - good guides from Teaching Tolerance [added 1/1/13]

"Can you immunize yourself against prejudice?" - Blog entry about new research in which participants who were primed to be immunized against disease in some way were less likely to be racist. [added 1/29/12]

"Can friendship triumph over prejudice?" - "A wealth of research has shown that people typically feel more uncomfortable when dealing with someone from a different social group rather than someone from their own group. This can be for a range of reasons, including negative stereotypes, uncertainty about how they'll be evaluated or even fear that they'll be perceived as prejudiced. But little researched until now is the palliating effect of friendship on these kind of interactions. Now a US study led by Jonathan Cook has found that friendship removes the discomfort associated with interacting with someone of a different ethnicity, but fails to ameliorate all the anxieties associated with interacting with someone who has a different sexual orientation." [added 1/29/12]

Other Resources

"How to defuse a hateful slur" - good essay from Wray Herbert [added 8/19/13]

"Babies prefer individuals who harm those that aren't like them" - A very clever study -- it starts early. [added 8/19/13]

Americans uncomfortable voting for president with certain religious affiliations - Republicans, Democrats, and Independents uncomfortable with an atheist, Mormon, or Muslim president. [added 1/29/12]

"Even made up stereotypes can hurt" - interesting study in which stereotype threat was demonstrated for the made-up learning styles of "concave" or "convex" information processing [added 1/29/12]

The Hillary Clinton effect - "An antidote to stereotype threat is to remind people of high achieving members of their in-group. For example, reminding Black Americans of President Obama's success has been shown to improve their subsequent IQ test performance. Psychologists think this 'Obama effect' occurs because the role-model's salient success takes away the burden people feel of having to represent their group. A new study by Cheryl Taylor and colleagues has built on this literature by showing that the stereotype-busting effect of a role-model only occurs if that role-model's success is perceived as due to their own innate ability and effort. If the role-model is considered to have been lucky then their stereotype-busting power is lost. Taylor's team call this the Hillary Clinton effect." [added 6/5/11]

Is psychology biased against conservatives? - The link above is to an interesting take from Sam Sommers; here is a New York Times article about it. [added 6/5/11]

Reducing prejudice: Yes, we can! - "If you're trying to end racism, it's not enough to get people to understand that racism is still a problem. You also have to make them feel like they can do something about it, according to a new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science." [added 12/19/10]

"The Unsung pioneers in the study of prejudice" - interesting, brief history of some of those who preceded Gordon Allport [added 10/23/10]

"The rise of hate 2.0" - description of an increase of hate sites on the Web [added 7/11/09]

"Humanity-esteem and its social importance" - Fascinating research that relates one's humanity-esteem ("Overall, how favourable are you toward human beings in general?") and your likelihood to differentiate between groups, feel others are trustworthy, and more. Here's a couple scales that we are going to see a lot more of in the literature. [added 7/11/09]

Stereotype threat resource - This is an excellent site that thoroughly investigates questions such as "What is stereotype threat?", "What are the consequences of stereotype threat?", "What are the mechanisms behind stereotype threat?", and "What can be done to reduce stereotype threat?" A very comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography is included. [added 4/19/09]

Mix it up at lunch day - For the past few years the Southern Poverty Law Center has been fostering this program in which teens intentionally interact with students from "other" groups during lunch. Other programs have evolved from this as well. [added 8/18/08]

"Buried prejudice: The bigot in your brain" - good essay from Scientific American about the unconscious/automatic processes behind prejudice [6/20/08]

Humor can perpetuate stereotypes and discrimination - [added 12/16/07]

Reducing prejudice in children - "Psychologists Rebecca Bigler and Julie Milligan Hughes found white children who received history lessons about discrimination against famous African Americans had significantly more positive attitudes toward African Americans than those who received lessons with no mention of racism." [added 12/16/07]

Differences not deficits - a good report from the 2007 APS convention on how biases often lead us to label differences as deficits [added 9/30/07]

The Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse - "The Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse collects documents and information from civil rights cases in specific case categories across the United States." [added 12/31/06]

"Common ground helps reduce stereotyping" - article from the APS Observer on research [added 1/11/06]

Mixed communities - Report from The Brookings Institution describing efforts in the U.K. and the U.S. at creating housing which accommodates "a mix of incomes, ages, household types, and rental/ownership animates housing and planning policy." The report claims that in the U.S. " mixed-income strategies have transformed some of the nation's most troubled neighborhoods into healthy, functioning communities." [added 9/20/05]

Human Rights Watch - reports from this organization on abuses worldwide

Articles, Books, and Book Chapters (available online)

Book Chapters

Blascovich, J., Mendes, W. B., Hunter, S., & Lickel, B. (2000). Stigma, threat, and social interactions. In: Heatherton, Kleck, Hebl, & Hull (Eds.).The Social Psychology of Stigma. Guilford Press, New York, 307-333.

Blascovich, J., Mendes, W. B., & Seery, M.D. (2002). Intergroup threat: A multi-method approach. In D. M. Mackie & E. R. Smith (Eds.). From prejudice to intergroup emotions: Differentiated reactions to social groups (pp. 89-109). New York: Psychology Press.

Cogan, J.C., & Herek, G.M. (1998). Stigma. In R.A. Smith (Ed.), The encyclopedia of AIDS (pp. 466-467). Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn. [added 6/4/04]

Herek, G.M. (1990). Illness, stigma, and AIDS. In P. Costa & G.R. VandenBos (Eds.), Psychological aspects of serious illness (pp. 103-150). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Herek, G.M. (1991). Stigma, prejudice, and violence against lesbians and gay men. In J. Gonsiorek & J. Weinrich (Eds.), Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy (pp. 60-80). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Herek, G.M. (1992). Psychological heterosexism and antigay violence: The social psychology of bigotry and bashing. In G.M. Herek, & K.T. Berrill (Eds.) Hate crimes: Confronting violence against lesbians and gay men (pp. 149-169). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Herek, G.M. (1992). The social context of hate crimes: Notes on cultural heterosexism. In G.M. Herek, & K.T. Berrill (Eds.) Hate crimes: Confronting violence against lesbians and gay men (pp. 89-104). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Herek, G.M. (1992). The community response to violence in San Francisco: An interview with Wenny Kusuma, Lester Olmstead-Rose, and Jill Tregor. In G.M. Herek, & K.T. Berrill (Eds.) Hate crimes: Confronting violence against lesbians and gay men (pp. 241-258). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Herek, G.M. (1994). Assessing attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: A review of empirical research with the ATLG scale. In B. Greene, & G.M. Herek (Eds.) Lesbian and gay psychology: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 206-228). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. (Information about the ATLG scale is available elsewhere on this site).

Herek, G.M. (1995). Psychological heterosexism in the United States. In A.R. D'Augelli & C.J. Patterson (Eds.) Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities across the lifespan: Psychological perspectives (pp. 321-346). Oxford University Press.

Herek, G.M. (1996). Why tell if you're not asked? Self disclosure, intergroup contact, and heterosexuals' attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. In G.M. Herek, J.J. Jobe, & R. Carney Eds.), Out in force: Sexual orientation and the military (pp. 197-225). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Herek, G.M. (1998). Bad science in the service of stigma: A critique of the Cameron group's survey studies. In G.M. Herek (Ed.) Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (pp. 223-255). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Herek, G.M. (2000). Homosexuality. In A.E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (pp. 149-153). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association & Oxford University Press.

Herek, G.M. (2000). The social construction of attitudes: Functional consensus and divergence in the US public's reactions to AIDS. In G. Maio & J. Olson (Eds.), Why we evaluate: Functions of attitudes (pp. 325-364). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Herek, G.M., & Glunt, E.K. (1995). Identity and community among gay and bisexual men in the AIDS era: Preliminary findings from the Sacramento Men's Health Study. In G.M. Herek & B. Greene (Eds.) AIDS, identity, and community: The HIV epidemic and lesbians and gay men (pp. 55-84). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Herek, G.M., & Jobe, J.B. (1996). Social science, sexual orientation, and military personnel policy. In G.M. Herek, J.J. Jobe, & R. Carney (Eds.), Out in force: Sexual orientation and the military (pp. pp. 3-14). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Jost, J.T. (2001). Outgroup favoritism and the theory of system justification: An experimental paradigm for investigating the effects of socio-economic success on stereotype content. In G. Moskowitz (Ed.), Cognitive social psychology: The Princeton symposium on the legacy and future of social cognition (pp. 89-102). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Jost, J.T., Burgess, D., & Mosso, C. (2001). Conflicts of legitimation among self, group, and system: The integrative potential of system justification theory. In J.T. Jost and B. Major (Eds.), The psychology of legitimacy: Emerging perspectives on ideology, justice, and intergroup relations (pp. 363-388). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Jost, J.T., & Elsbach, K. (2001). How status and power differences erode personal and social identities at work: A system justification critique of organizational applications of social identity theory. In M.A. Hogg & D.J. Terry (Eds.), Social identity processes in organizational contexts (pp. 181-196). Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.

Jost, J.T., & Hamilton, D.L. (2005). Stereotypes in our culture. In J. Dovidio, P. Glick, & L. Rudman (Eds.), On the Nature of Prejudice: Fifty years after Allport (pp. 208-224). Oxford: Blackwell.

Payne, B. K., Jacoby, L. L., & Lambert, A. J. (2005). Attitudes as accessibility bias: Dissociating automatic and controlled components. In R. Hassin, J. Bargh, J. & Uleman, (Eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford.

Payne, B. K., & Stewart, B. D. (2007). Automatic and controlled components of social cognition: A process dissociation approach. In J. A. Bargh (Ed.) Social Psychology and the Unconscious: The Automaticity of Higher Mental Processes. New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Wegner, D. M. & Smart, L. (2000). The hidden costs of hidden stigma. In T. F. Heatherton, R. E. Kleck, M. R. Hebl, & J. G. Hull (Eds.), The social psychology of stigma (pp. 220-242). New York: Guilford Press.

Articles

Apfelbaum, E. P., Pauker, K., Ambady, N., Sommers, S. R., & Norton, M. I. (2008). Learning (not) to talk about race: When older children underperform in social categorization. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1513-1518.

Apfelbaum, E. P., Sommers, S. R., & Norton, M. I. (2008). Seeing race and seeming racist? Evaluating strategic colorblindness in social interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 918-932.

Bailey, J.M., Dunne, M.P., Martin, N.G. (2000). Genetic and environmental influences on sexual orientation and its correlates in an Australian twin sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 524-536.

Bailey, J.M., Kim, P.Y., Hills, A., Linsenmeier, J.A.W. (1997). Butch, femme, or straight acting? Partner preferences of gay men and lesbians. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 960-973.

Baron, A.S., Banaji, M.R. (2006). The development of implicit attitudes: Evidence of race evaluations from ages 6, 10 & adulthood. Psychological Science, vol. 17 (1), pp. 53-58.

Blair, I.V. (2002). The malleability of automatic stereotypes and prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 242-261.

Blair, I.V., & Jost, J.T. (2003). Exit, loyalty, and collective action among workers in a simulated business environment: Interactive effects of group identification and boundary permeability. Social Justice Research, 16, 95-108.

Blanton, H., & Jaccard, J. (2008). Unconscious racism: A concept in pursuit of a measure. Annual Review of Sociology, 34, 277-297.

Blascovich, J., Mendes, W. B., Hunter, S., Lickel, B., & Kowai-Bell, N. (2001). Perceiver threat in social interactions with stigmatized others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 253-267.

Boysen, G., Vogel, D. L. & Madon, S. (2006). Boysen, G. A., Vogel, D. L., & Madon, S. (2006). Public and private assessment of implicit bias. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 845-856.

Bushman, B. J., & Bonacci, A. M. (2004). You`ve got mail: Using e-mail to examine the effect of prejudiced attitudes on discrimination against Arabs. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 753-759.

Chiu, P., Ambady, N., & Deldin, P. (2004). CNB in response to emotional in- and out-group stimuli differentiates high- and low-prejudiced individuals. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 1830-1839.

Citrin, J., Lerman, A., Murakami, M., & Pearson, K. (2007). Testing Huntington: Is Hispanic immigration a threat to American identity? Perspectives on Politics, 5, 31-48.

Cobb, M. D., & Boettcher, III, W.A. (2007). Ambivalent sexism and misogynistic rap music: Does exposure to Eminem increase sexism? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 3025-3042.

Cohen, G. L., Garcia, J., Purdie-Vaughns, N., Apfel, N., & Brzustoski, P. (2009). Recursive processes in self-affirmation: Intervening to close the minority achievement gap. Science, 324, 400-403.

Cohen, G. L., Steele, C.M., Ross, L. D. (1999). The mentor's dilemma: Providing critical feedback across the racial divide. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 1302-1318.

Correll, J., Park, B., Judd, C. M., Wittenbrink, B., Sadler, M. S., & Keesee, T. (2007). Across the thin blue line: Police officers and racial bias in the decision to shoot. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 1006-1023.

Das, E., Bushman, B. J., Bezemer, M. D., Kerkhof, P., & Vermeulen, I. E. (2009). How terrorism news reports increase prejudice against outgroups: A Terror Management account. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 453-459.

Dasgupta, A. G., & Greenwald, A. G. (2001). Exposure to admired group members reduces automatic intergroup bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 800-814.

Dasgupta, N., McGhee, D. E., Greenwald, A. G., & Banaji, M. R. (2000). Automatic preference for White Americans: Eliminating the familiarity explanation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 316-328.

Davis, D. W., Silver, B. D. (2003). Stereotype threat and race of interviewer effects in a survey on political knowledge. American Journal of Political Science, 47, 33-45.

Dion, K.L., & Kawakami, K. (1996). Ethnicity and perceived discrimination in Toronto: Another look at the personal/group discrimination discrepancy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 28, 203-213.

Dovidio, J. F., Gaertner, S. L., & Kawakami, K. (2003). Intergroup contact: The past and the future. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 6, 5-21.

Dovidio, J. F., Gaertner, S. L., Kawakami, K., & Hodson, G. (2002). Why can't we just get along? Interpersonal biases and interracial distrust. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 8, 88-102.

Dovidio, J. F., Kawakami, K., & Gaertner, S. L. (2002). Implicit and explicit prejudice and interracial interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 62-68.

Dovidio, J.F., Kawakami, K., Johnson, C., Johnson, B., & Howard, A. (1997). On the nature of prejudice: Automatic and controlled processes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology: Special Issue on Unconscious Processes in Stereotyping and Prejudice, 33, 510-540.

Dunham, Y., Baron, A.S., Banaji, M.R. (2006). From American city to Japanese village: A cross-cultural investigation of implicit race attitudes. Child Development, 77, 1268-1281.

Dunham, Y., Chen, E., & Banaji, M.R. (2013). Two signatures of implicit intergroup attitudes: Developmental invariance and early enculturation. Psychological Science, 24, 860-868.

Elfenbein, H. A. & Ambady, N. (2002). Is there an ingroup advantage in emotion recognition? Psychological Bulletin, 128, 243-249.

Ehrlinger, J., Plant, E. A., Eibach, R. P., Goplen, J., Columb, C., Kunstman, J., & Butz, D.A. (2011). How exposure to the Confederate flag affects willingness to vote for Barack Obama. Political Psychology, 32, 131-146.

Everly, B. A., Shih, M. J., & Ho, G. C. (2012). Don't ask, don't tell? Does disclosure of gay identity affect partner performance?. Journal Of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 407-410.

Fazio, R. H. (2001). On the automatic activation of associated evaluations: An overview. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 115-141.

Fazio, R. H., & Hilden, L. E. (2001). Emotional reactions to a seemingly prejudiced response: The role of automatically-activated racial attitudes and motivation to control prejudiced reactions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 538-549.

Fazio, R. H., & Olson, M. A. (2003). Implicit measures in social cognition research: Their meaning and use. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 297-327.

Freeman, J., Penner, A. M., Saperstein, A., Scheutz, M., & Ambady, N. (2011). Looking the part: Social status cues shape racial perception. PLoS ONE, 6, e25107.

Gartrell, N., & Bos, H. (2010). US National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Psychological adjustment of 17-year-old adolescents. Pediatrics, 125, 1-9.

Govorun, O., Fuegen, K., & Payne, B. K. (2006). Stereotypes focus defensive projection. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 781-798.

Govorun, O., & Payne, B. K. (2006). Ego depletion and prejudice: Separating automatic and controlled components. Social Cognition, 24, 111-136.

Gray, H., Mendes, W. B., Denny-Brown, C. (2008). An in-group advantage to detecting intergroup anxiety. Psychological Science, 19, 1233-1237.

Greenwald, A. G., & Banaji, M. R. (1995). Implicit social cognition: Attitudes, self-esteem, and stereotypes. Psychological Review, 102, 4-27.

Greenwald, A. G., Banaji, M. R., Rudman, L. A., Farnham, S. D., Nosek, B. A., & Mellott, D. S. (2002). A unified theory of implicit attitudes, stereotypes, self-esteem, and self-concept. Psychological Review, 109, 3-25.

Greenwald, A. G., McGhee, D. E., & Schwartz, J. K. L. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1464-1480.

Greenwald, A. G., Nosek, B. A., & Banaji, M. R. (2003). Understanding and Using the Implicit Association Test: I. An Improved Scoring Algorithm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 197-216.

Greenwald, A. G., & Nosek, B. A. (2001). Health of the Implicit Association Test at age 3. Zeitschrift fr Experimentelle Psychologie, 48, 85-93.

Greenwald, A. G., Oakes, M. A., & Hoffman, H. (2003). Targets of Discrimination: Effects of Race on Responses to Weapons Holders. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 39, 399-405.

Greenwald, A. G., Pickrell, J. E., & Farnham, S. D. (2002). Implicit partisanship: Taking sides for no reason. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 367-379.

Greenwald, A. G., Poehlman, T. A., Uhlmann, E., & Banaji, M. R. (2009). Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: III. Meta-analysis of predictive validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 17-41.

Haines, E.L., & Jost, J.T. (2000). Placating the powerless: Effects of legitimate and illegitimate explanation on affect, memory, and stereotyping. Social Justice Research, 13, 219-236.

Han, H. A., Olson, M. A., & Fazio, R. H. (2006). The influence of experimentally-created extrapersonal associations on the Implicit Association Test. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 259-272.

Herek, G.M. (1999). AIDS and stigma in the United States. [Special issue]. American Behavioral Scientist, 42 (7).

Herek, G.M. (2009). Hate crimes and stigma-related experiences among sexual minority adults in the United States: Prevalence estimates from a national probability sample. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 54-74.

Higgins, E. T., Forster, J., & Strack, F. (2000). When stereotype disconfirmation is a personal threat: How prejudice and prevention focus moderate incongruency effects. Social Cognition, 18, 178-197.

Hoyt, C. L., Aguilar, L., Kaiser, C. R., Blascovich, J. & Lee, K. (2007). The self-protective and undermining effects of attributional ambiguity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 884-893.

Hummert, M. L., Garstka, T. A., O'Brien, L. T., Greenwald, A. G., Mellott, D. S. (2002). Using the Implicit Association Test to measure age differences in implicit social cognitions. Psychology and Aging, 17, 482-495.

Inzlicht, M., Kaiser, C. R., & Major, B. (2008). The face of chauvinism: How prejudice expectations shape perceptions of facial affect. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 758-766.

Johnson, J. D., Bushman, B. J., & Dovidio, J. F. (2008). Support for harmful treatment and reduction of empathy toward Blacks:"Remnants" of stereotype activation involving Hurricane Katrina and "Lil' Kim". Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1506-1513.

Jordan, C. H., Spencer, S. J., & Zanna, M. P. (2005). Types of high self-esteem and prejudice: How implicit self-esteem relates to racial discrimination among high explicit self-esteem individuals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 693-702.

Jost, J. T. (2001). System justification theory as compliment, complement, and corrective to theories of social identification and social dominance. Research Paper Series, Graduate School of Business, Stanford University.

Jost, J.T., Banaji, M.R., & Nosek, B.A. (2004). A decade of system justification theory: Accumulated evidence of conscious and unconscious bolstering of the status quo. Political Psychology, 25, 881-919.

Jost, J.T., & Burgess, D. (2000). Attitudinal ambivalence and the conflict between group and system justification motives in low status groups. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 293-305.

Jost, J.T., & Hunyady, O. (2005). Antecedents and consequences of system-justifying ideologies. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 260-265.

Jost, J.T., Kivetz, Y., Rubini, M., Guermandi, G., & Mosso, C. (2005). System-justifying functions of complementary regional and ethnic stereotypes: Cross-national evidence. Social Justice Research, 18, 305-333.

Jost, J. T. & Kay, A. C. (2005). Exposure to benevolent sexism and complementary gender stereotypes: Consequences for specific and diffuse forms of system justification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 498-509.

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Parsons, C.A., Sulaeman, J., Yates, M.C., & Hamermesh, D.S. (as yet unpublished). Strike three: Umpires' demand for discrimination. [added 11/20/07]

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  • Article about the research, including interview with Sommers

Sommers, S. R. (2007). Race and the decision-making of juries. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 12, 171-187.

Sommers, S. R., Apfelbaum, E. P., Dukes, K. N., Toosi, N., & Wang, E. J. (2006). Race and media coverage of Hurricane Katrina: Analysis, implications, and future research questions. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 6, 39-55.

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Sommers, S. R., & Ellsworth, P. C. (2001). White juror bias: An investigation of racial prejudice against Black defendants in the American courtroom. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 7, 201-229.

Sommers, S. R., & Norton, M. I. (2006). Lay theories about White racists: What constitutes racism (and what doesn’t). Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 9, 117-138.

Sommers, S. R., & Norton, M. I. (2007). Race-based judgments, race-neutral justifications: Experimental examination of peremptory use and the Batson challenge procedure. Law and Human Behavior, 31, 261-273.

Sommers, S. R., & Norton, M. I. (2008). Race and jury selection: Psychological perspectives on the peremptory challenge debate. American Psychologist, 63, 527-539.

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Unkelbach, C., Forgas, J. P., & Denson, T. F. (2008). The turban effect: The influence of Muslim headgear and induced affect on aggressive responses in the shooter bias paradigm. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1409-1413.

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