Possible Exam 2 Questions

1. a) Use research on persuasion to explain how automaticity can play a significant role in some persuasive attempts.

b) Use Zimbardo's Prison Study to explain how priming can contribute to the power of the situation.

2. Robert Musil, an Austrian novelist, once said: "One does what one is; one becomes what one does." Use research in Chapter 4 to explain why you think one half of the quote is probably more likely to be true than the other half of the quote.

3. Answer the following:

4. a) Use self-perception theory to explain why role playing is effective at producing attitude change.

b) Use self-perception theory to explain the foot-in-the-door phenomenon. Be sure to use the terminology of self-perception theory in your answer.

5. Researchers have found that people who express more self-confidence more often find themselves satisfying their life goals.

a) Does this research describe a correlation or a causal relationship? Explain.

b) If you said it described a correlation, change the wording so it describes a causal relationship. If you said it describes a causal relationship, change the wording so it only describes a correlation.

6. a) If multiplying numbers quickly is actually a fairly difficult task, why might the presence of others hurt one's performance on that task according to Zajonc's mere presence theory?
    b) If multiplying numbers quickly is a fairly easy task for someone, why might the presence of others still hurt that person's performance according to another theory?

7. Social facilitation and social loafing both suggest that the presence of others can lessen our performance. How is the process of lessening performance different in the two phenomena?

8. Do you believe different gender roles exist primarily because of cultural influences or primarily because of biological influences? Defend one position or the other using evidence from Chapter 5 to support your position.

9. You are trying to design a strategy to do one of the following: 1) persuade American consumers that McDonalds has tasty food (right now, Americans don't believe McDonalds' food is as tasty as that of other fast food restaurants) or 2) persuade prospective high school students in Illinois that they should attend North Central College. Pick one.
a) Explain why you might choose to make a persuasive appeal through the central route to persuasion for that product.
b) Using research on persuasion presented in class or the text, describe a strategy for trying to persuade that audience through the central route.

10. You are trying to design a strategy to do one of the following: 1) persuade American consumers that McDonalds has tasty food (right now, Americans don't believe McDonalds' food is as tasty as that of other fast food restaurants) or 2) persuade prospective high school students in Illinois that they should attend North Central College. Pick one.
a) Explain why you might choose to make a persuasive appeal through the peripheral route to persuasion for that product.
b) Using research on persuasion presented in class or the text, describe a strategy for trying to persuade that audience through the peripheral route.

11. Briefly describe an example of a past or current conflict between a group you belong to and some other group. Use the research on the prisoner's dilemma and the Robber's Cave summer camp to suggest two strategies that could be used to reduce the conflict you described.

12. Use each of the three social motives discussed earlier in the term to explain why the ingroup bias is a common phenomenon.

13. a) Is informational influence more likely to promote compliance or acceptance? Explain.

b) Is normative influence more likely to promote compliance or acceptance? Explain.

14. I am eating out at a restaurant with my friends. They have all ordered and now it is my turn to order. Using the research on what predicts conformity, what would be three questions you would like to ask me about the situation to determine how likely it is that I will conform to what my friends ordered? Specifically, write the three questions, and briefly explain why you selected those questions in terms of the research.

15. a) North Central College has established a recycling program on campus with the blue bins. Use one of Cialdini's six persuasion principles to describe how the College could increase the number of people participating in the program. Be sure to identify the principles in your answer.

b) Use a second principle to explain how the College's efforts might fail to convince people to recycle.

c) Use a third principle to describe how the College might overcome the problem you mentioned in b).

16. According to Ch. 4, correspondent change typically only occurs under certain conditions. Use two of the conditions mentioned to describe how a political campaign could increase the likelihood that its efforts to change voters' attitutes could also change their behavior toward its candidate.

17. a) According to the research in Ch. 13, would bringing groups of Arab-Americans and Jewish-Americans together in this country to discuss the conflict in the Middle East likely help reduce the conflict between Arab-Americans and Jewish-Americans? Explain.

b) According to the research in Ch. 13, would bringing groups of Palestinians and Israelis together in the Middle East to discuss the conflict in the Middle East likely help reduce the conflict between Palestinians and Israelis? Explain.