Madeline Hunter's Lesson Plan Format

Seven Steps

Getting students set to learn

Step 1: Review -- Typically at the beginning of the lesson, review previous material
that is relevant to this lesson

Step 2: Anticipatory Set -- Getting students to focus their attention on the material to
be presented -- getting them interested or prepared for what they are about to learn

Step 3: Objective -- State the objective for the lesson


Step 4: Input and Modeling -- Presenting new information to students, modeling
where appropriate as one form of instruction


Checking for understanding

Step 5: Checking Understanding -- Determining whether or not students are making
sense of the material as the material is being presented

Step 6: Guided Practice -- Immediately after instruction students are given the
opportunity to apply or practice what they have just learned and receive immediate feedback

How are checking understanding and guided practice different? Checking understanding occurs in the process of instruction. Guided practice takes place just after instruction has occurred. Checking for understanding is often a whole-class process by observing body language or asking a simple question to the whole class. Guided practice may be done individually. Both involve quickly assessing whether students understand what has just been presented.

Independent practice

Step 7: Independent Practice -- After students appear to understand the new material
they are given the opportunity to further apply or practice using the new
information. This may occur in class or as homework, but there should be a
short period of time between instruction and practice and between practice and feedback.