The first part of this assignment pertains to the experiment on sentence recall where there were two groups, one an "imagery" group, the other a "pronunciation" group.
1. Determine the average number of questions answered correctly by the "imagery" group. Do the same for the "pronunciation" group.
2. Describe in words any differences that you notice between the averages and the ranges for the two groups.
3. Using information from class or the text, develop an explanation for the differences between the two groups.
The second part of this assignment concerns the demonstration involving the series of related sentences which were read to you, eventually followed by a test of your recall for those sentences (e.g., "the girl who lives next door broke the large window on the porch").
1. Provide a listing of how many of each response (i.e., +2, +1, 0, -1, -2) you made.
2. Following the demonstration, four sentences (#5, #15, #22, and #29) were read to you for which the majority of you had previously responded with a +2 (i.e., "positively old"). But, as was true of all of the sentences you were tested with, these four sentences were not among those initially read to you. In fact, these four were sentences that were much longer than the typical sentences on the initial list, and tended to contain much more information. In a paragraph or two, discuss the insights this demonstration provides as to how the memory process seems to work when it comes to storing and retrieving memories for relate sorts of events. (Hint: Pay attention to the textbook material concerned with reconstructing memory and the misinformation effect.)